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T4009 Sigma

Taurocholic acid sodium salt hydrate

≥95% (TLC)

Synonym: 2-[(3α,7α,12α-Trihydroxy-24-oxo-5β-cholan-24-yl)amino]ethanesulfonic acid, 3α,7α,12α-Trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid N-(2-sulfoethyl)amide, Sodium taurocholate hydrate




Anionic detergent used for protein solubilization.

Taurocholic acid sodium salt hydrate has been used in a study to assess the adsorption of bile acids and salts to vegetable fibrous tissue. It has also been used in a study to investigate a method for determination of conjugated and unconjugated bile salts in serum and jejunal fluid.

General description

Taurocholic acid sodium salt hydrate is a bile acid with detergent capabilities.


1, 5, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

250 mg in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Synthesized from cholic acid

Biochem/physiol Actions

Non-sulfated bile salt, physiological transport substrate for the bile salt export pump/sister of Pgp (BSEP/spgp), Na(+)/taurocholate cotransporter (NTCP) and MRP3 into the hepatic carnalicular.

Price and Availability

LC-MS Grade Solvents and Reagents

Fatty Acid Extraction Kit

Celebrate Pi Day!
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Protocols & Articles


Bile Acids

The liver excretes excess cholesterol in the form of bile acids. Bile acids serve two purposes: to remove unwanted cholesterol from the body and to aid in lipid digestion in the intestine. Bile acids...
BioFiles 2007, 2.7, 17.
Keywords: Absorption, Digestions, Transcription

Bile Salts and Bile Salt Hydrolase

Several Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium probiotic strains exhibit bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity and are suspected to play a role in combating the negative effects of bile via detoxification of...
Chloe McClanahan
Biofiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: Detoxification, Probiotics, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

Detergent Properties and Applications

The key to detergent function is an amphipathic structure. All detergents are characterized as containing a hydrophilic “head” region and a hydrophobic “tail” region (see Figure 1).
Vicki Caligur
BioFiles 2008, 3.3, 14.
Keywords: Adsorption, Biochemistry, Cell disruption, Chromatography, Crystallization, Detergents, Diagnostic, Dialysis, Electrophoresis, Enzymology, Filtration, Mass spectrometry, Normal-phase chromatography, Nucleic acid denaturation, Precipitation, Purification, Separation, Size-exclusion chromatography

Fast and Robust HPLC Separation of Bile Acids and Conjugates with Ascentis Express C18

Bile acids are increasingly recognized as playing an important signaling role in the control of immune response and energy metabolism. Recently, there has been interest in measuring bile acid concent...
Clare Glicksman, Michael Wright, Dave Bell, and Anders Fridström
Reporter US, Volume 33.1
Keywords: Bacterial conjugations, Clinical, High performance liquid chromatography, Hormones, Mass spectrometry, Metabolism, Separation, Thin layer chromatography

Probiotics and Human Health

At the beginning of the 20th century, probiotics were thought to have a beneficial effect to the host by improving the intestinal microbial balance. Through his studies and observations, the Russian ...
Chloe McClanahan
BioFiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: AGE, Absorption, Adhesion, Amplification, Anaerobic, Antimicrobials, Apoptosis, Cancer, Capillary electrophoresis, Carcinogens, Cell culture, Cell proliferation, Chromatography, Coagulation, Detoxification, Diagnostic, Diseases, Enzyme activity, Fermentation, Gas chromatography, Gastrointestinal, Genomics, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunology, Inflammation, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Metabolism, Metabolites, Microbiology, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid hybridization, Pharmaceutical, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Polymerase chain reaction - quantitative, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Reductions, Respiratory, Sequencing, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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