T4455 Sigma-Aldrich

TEV Protease

  •  NACRES NA.54



Related Categories Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates, Nanodisc Reagents for Membrane Protein Research, Proteases & Protein Sequencing,
Quality Level   200
recombinant   expressed in E. coli
description   Contains both a histidine tag and a GST tag
form   aqueous glycerol solution
specific activity   ≥3,000 units/mg protein
mol wt   27 kDa
shipped in   wet ice
storage temp.   −20°C


General description

TEV protease has (NIa) protease catalytic domain which corresponds to a molecular weight of 27 kDa. It is unique with high specificity and is active at low temperature.

The tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease is a useful tool for the removal of fusion tags from recombinant proteins.


TEV Protease has been used in the removal of histidine tag from recombinant mitogen activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), Connexin43 (Cx43) c-terminal fragment and δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase from Oryza sativa. It has also been used in the elution of purified proteasomes from human leukemia cell lines K562.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Immobilized TEV protease on streptavidin-agarose is an efficient tool for fusion protein cleavage. TEV protease has also been used in a study to investigate proteolytic processing of nlrp1b for inflammasome activity.

The tobacco etch virus (TEV) protease undergoes autolysis, but mutants of TEV protease are resistant to autolysis. Bacterial expression of recombinant TEV protease leads to poor yields and less solubility. Use of green fluorescent protein fusion TEV protease overcomes these setbacks and finds application in structural genomics research.

TEV protease has a strict 7 amino acid cleavage recognition sequence of Glu-Asn-Leu-Tyr-Phe-Gln↓Gly/Ser.

Features and Benefits

Optimally engineered and purified for enhanced stability and high specific activity over a broad temperature range.

Physical properties

A modified 52 kDa TEV protease construct containing both GST and His tags for easy removal using glutathione or His-Select® affinity media.

TEV protease is an engineered catalytic domain of the Tobacco Etch virus NIa protease. TEV protease is a highly specific cystein protease belonging to the C4 peptidase family.

Unit Definition

One unit of TEV protease cleaves >85% of 3 μg of control substrate in one hour at pH 8.0 at 30 °C.

Physical form

Supplied as a >=2 mg/ml in 25 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 50 mM NaCl, 1 mM TCEP, and 50% glycerol

Preparation Note

Cleavage Protocol
Prepare fresh dialysis buffer. Dialysis buffer should be optimized for target protein solubility and contain no protease inhibitors. The dialysis buffer should also be compatible with downstream purification processes, e.g. minimal amount of EDTA or DTT if a HIS Select® column will be used to remove the cleaved His-tag.
Example of suitable dialysis buffer; 25 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 150 - 500 mM NaCl, 14 mM β-mercaptoethanol
This TEV protease has the same activity in 150 mM NaCl or 500 mM NaCl and 400 mM imidazole.
Dilute the target protein sample to 1-2 mg/ml with dialysis buffer. This is optional in case the target protein aggregates in dialysis buffer. Save a small aliquot as a control for PAGE analysis. EDTA may be added to 0.5 mM final concentration if the target protein will be eluted from the HIS Select column and EDTA is compatible with the target protein.
Add TEV protease at a protease to target protein ratio of 1:100 (w/w) or 10,000 unit (1 mg) TEV protease to 100 mg of target protein. There is no need to calculate the molar ratio. TEV protease can be added directly to the target protein. There is no need to change buffer or dilute TEV protease. The optimal ratio should be determined empirically. A Protease-to-target protein ratio (w/w) of 1:50 to 1:200 should provide an affective range for most target proteins.
Dialyze against the dialysis buffer at 4 °C ~ 16 hrs. Dialysis is intended to remove imidazole or glutathione if HIS Select® or glutathione affinity columns are used to remove the cleaved tag or TEV protease after cleavage.
Typically, 1 mg of TEV protease will cleave >90% of 100mg of a control protein at 4 °C in 16 hours.

Legal Information

HIS-Select is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

HiScreen is a trademark of Cytiva

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Nanodisc Technology: A Revolutionary System for Study of Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are central to biological signaling pathways, regulating transfer of information and energy across cell membranes. They compose roughly 30% of the human proteome, but due to their k...
Carolyn Crankshaw, Product Specialist
Biofiles, Vol. 8, No. 20
Keywords: Cell disruption, Coagulation, Culture media, Detergents, Immobilization, Immunoprecipitation, Ligands, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Respiratory, Spectroscopy


Purification of Membrane Proteins

Membrane proteins are usually purified as protein-lipid-detergent complexes. The solubility of the complexes in an aqueous environment allow the application of essentially the same separation techniqu...
Keywords: Adsorption, Buffers, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Characterizations, Chromatography, Degradations, Detergents, Filtration, Immobilization, Ion Exchange, Ligands, PAGE, Sample preparations, Separation, Sonication, Tagged proteins

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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