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T6074 Sigma-Aldrich

Monoclonal Anti-α-Tubulin antibody produced in mouse

Antibody Enhanced Validation

clone B-5-1-2, purified immunoglobulin, buffered aqueous solution

Synonym: alpha-Tubulin

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, Antibodies for Cell Biology, Antibodies to Cell and Organelle Proteins, Antibodies to Cytoskeleton,
conjugate   unconjugated
clone   B-5-1-2, monoclonal
biological source   mouse
application(s)   immunocytochemistry: 0.5-1 μg/mL using cultured chicken fibroblasts (CFB)
  immunoprecipitation (IP): suitable
  microarray: suitable
  western blot: 0.25-0.5 μg/mL using total cell extract of human foreskin fibroblast cell line (FS11)
species reactivity   chicken, kangaroo rat, sea urchin, rat, Chlamydomonas, bovine, human, African green monkey, mouse
mol wt   antigen ~50 kDa
enhanced validation   independent ( Antibodies)
Learn more about Antibody Enhanced Validation
form   buffered aqueous solution
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C
antibody form   purified immunoglobulin
isotype   IgG1
Quality Level   200
antibody product type   primary antibodies
concentration   ~2 mg/mL
Featured Industry   Research Pathology
UniProt accession no.   P68366
Gene Information   human ... TUBA4A(7277)
mouse ... Tuba1a(22142)
rat ... Tuba1a(64158)

Description

General description

α -tubulin, also called tubulin α 4a (TUBA4A), is mapped to human chromosome 2q35. The gene codes for a member of the α-tubulin family, and contains 448 amino acids. TUBA4A belongs to the subfamily of tubulin, which is the major building block of microtubules. α -subunit of tubulin has molecular weight of 50,000.
Monoclonal Anti-α-Tubulin (mouse IgG1 isotype) is derived from the hybridoma B-5-1-2 produced by the fusion of mouse myeloma cells and splenocytes from mice immunized with Sarkosyl-resistant filaments from Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (sea urchin).
Tubulin is a heterodimer that consists of α-tubulin and β-tubulin. Both subunits have a molecular weight of approx. 50 kDa and share considerable homology. In addition to α- and β-tubulin, several other tubulins have been identified, bringing the number of distinct tubulin classes to seven. Most of these tubulins have distinct subcellular localization and an emerging diverse set of functions. Tubulin is the major building block of microtubules. This intracellular, cylindrical, filamentous structure is present in almost all eukaryotic cells. Microtubules function as structural and mobile elements in mitosis, intracellular transport, flagellar movement, and the cytoskeleton.
Microtubular systems contain at least three α-tubulin isoforms. Two isoforms are coded by two αt-ubulin genes, which are both transcribed and code for extremely similar proteins. The third isoform is generated by post-translational modification.

Specificity

Recognizes an epitope located at the C-terminal end of the α-tubulin isoform in a variety of organisms.

Immunogen

Sarkosyl-resistant filaments from Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (sea urchin) sperm axonemes.

Application

Monoclonal Anti-α-Tubulin antibody produced in mouse has been used in immunoblotting.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 15 mM sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

For continuous use, store at 2-8 °C for up to one month. For prolonged storage, freeze in working aliquots at -20 °C. Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Storage in frost-free freezers is also not recommended. If slight turbidity occurs upon prolonged storage, clarify the solution by centrifugation before use. Working dilutions should be discarded if not used within 12 hours.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Packaging

200 μL in glass insert

Biochem/physiol Actions

Tubulin α 4a (TUBA4A) mutation is associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
α-Tubulin is a key regulator of cytoskeletal proteins. It mediates cellular developmental stages such as proliferation, migration, signalling and also maintains the shape of the cell. α-Tubulin controls trafficking, signaling and cellular tensegrity mediated by microtubules. The encoded protein is associated with the development and progression of cancer. α-Tubulin acetylation potentiates the metastatic property of breast cancer. Mutation in TUBA4A is associated with the development of various types of cancers, such as oral cancer, breast cancer, rectal cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer. In addition, variation in the TUBA4A leads to sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Microtubules function as structural and mobile elements in mitosis, intracellular transport, flagellar movement, and the cytoskeleton.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
nwg
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detection methods, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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