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T8024 Sigma

Tetrodotoxin

≥98% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: Fugu poison, Maculotoxin, TTX, Tarichatoxin

  • CAS Number 4368-28-9

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C11H17N3O8

  • Molecular Weight 319.27

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 49176

  •  EC Number 224-458-8

  •  MDL number MFCD00213719

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24900493

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Properties

Related Categories Cell Biology, Cell Signaling and Neuroscience, Fish, Ion Channels, Monovalent Ion Channels,
InChI Key   CFMYXEVWODSLAX-IXUBDLNJSA-N
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   powder
color   white
solubility   dilute citrate or acetate buffer: 1 mg/mL (dissolve at pH 4-5. Aqueous solutions, pH 4-5, are stable if stored frozen.)
  strong acid or alkaline solutions: unstable (destroyed by boiling at pH 2.)
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   rat ... Scnn1g(24768)

Description

Preparation Note

Tetrodotoxin is soluble in dilute citrate or acetate buffer at 1 mg/ml (pH 4-5). Aqueous solutions are stable at pH 4-5 if stored frozen. However, tetrodotoxin is unstable in strong acid or alkaline solutions and is destroyed by boiling at pH2.

Application

Tetrodotoxin has been used as standard during HPLC-based analysis of biotoxins from P. punctata tentacles whole crude extract (PHY-N). Tetrodotoxin has also been used to study its effects on low-threshold transient (LTT) Ca2+ currents in rat hippocampal interneurons.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Reversible, selective blocker of Na+ channels; blocks propagation of impulses in excitable membranes. Used to characterize sodium channels in excitable membranes and to study the role of sodium channels in normal physiology and disease.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS06  GHS06
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN 3462 6.1 / PGI
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
IO1450000

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
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References

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