• USA Home
  • V2002 - Vancomycin hydrochloride from Streptomyces orientalis

V2002 Sigma

Vancomycin hydrochloride from Streptomyces orientalis

potency: ≥900 μg per mg (as vancomycin base)

  • CAS Number 1404-93-9

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C66H75Cl2N9O24 · HCl

  • Molecular Weight 1485.71

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 3704657

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24900723

  • Popular Documents:  Specification Sheet (PDF)  



Related Categories Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics T-Z, Biochemicals and Reagents,
biological source   Streptomyces orientalis
form   powder
potency   ≥900 μg per mg (as vancomycin base)
color   white to brown
solubility   H2O: 50 mg/mL
Mode of action   cell wall synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-positive bacteria
storage temp.   2-8°C


Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycopeptide antibiotic
Mode of action: Used to block bacterial cell wall biosynthesis at the level of peptidoglycan biosynthesis by inhibiting incorporation of terminal D-alanyl-D-alanine moieties of the NAM/NAG-peptides.
Antimicrobial spectrum: Gram-positive bacteria

Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that blocks bacterial cell wall biosynthesis at the level of peptidoglycan biosynthesis. It inhibits incorporation of terminal D-alanyl-D-alanine moieties of the NAM/NAG-peptides. It is effective against Gram-positive bacteria. Vancomycin also alters bacterial-cell-membrane permeability and RNA synthesis.


1, 5 g in glass bottle

100, 250 mg in glass bottle

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.


Vancomycin, from Streptomyces orientalis, is used for the treatment of serious or severe infections caused by susceptible strains of methicillin-resistant (β-lactam-resistant) staphylococci. It is used to block bacterial cell wall biosynthesis at the level of peptidoglycan biosynthesis. It is widely studied in cancer patients. Vancomycin′s overuse has been studied, which has resulted in recommended guidelines.

General description

Chemical structure: glycopeptide

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Protocols & Applications

Antibiotic Selector for application, solubility, solution stability, working concentration, and mode of action information

Price and Availability

LC-MS Grade Solvents and Reagents

Celebrate Pi Day!
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis. These documents are located on the product detail page under Useful Links & Tools. Click on the following link to search for a Certificate of Analysis. Please click the following link to see the details on our Product Dating Information.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
A Certificate of Analysis is available by lot number and can be obtained through our Advanced Search Option: http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/AdvancedSearchPage.do
What is Product V2002, Vancomycin, soluble in?
This product is soluble in water (50 mg/ml), forming a clear, colorless to faint yellow solution. It is also moderately soluble in methanol, but insoluble in the higher alcohols, acetone, and ether. Low concentrations of urea increase the solubility in neutral aqueous solutions, and ammonium sulfate and sodium chloride precipitate the antibiotic from acidic solutions.
How long are Product V2002, Vancomycin, solutions stable for?
Solutions of vancomycin in physiological solutions such as 0.9% saline and 5% glucose are stable for 17 days at 24 °C and 63 days and 5 °C and -10 °C.
What is the retest period for Product V2002, Vancomycin?
At this time, Product No. V2002 is assigned a retest period of 2 years from the quality control release date. This interval may change if we are able to collect sufficient data from future retesting.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.  Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers. 
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS. To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product, or search here. 
My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?
Use the option to the right to "Ask a Question" by email of a Technical Service Scientist.
Show more questions
Protocols & Articles


Inhibition of Cell Wall Biosynthesis by Antibiotics

Antibiotics are molecules that specifically target and kill cells. The term antibiotic is frequently used interchangeably with the word antibacterial, but antiviral, antifungal and antineoplastic com...
BioFiles 2006, 1.4, 7.
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antifungals, Antivirals, Building blocks, Glycosylations, Metabolism

Peer-Reviewed Papers


Related Products

related product

Product #


Add to Cart

94747 Vancomycin hydrochloride from Streptomyces orientalis, ≥80% (HPLC)
08168 Timestrip Plus 8 °C

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?