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X4626 Sigma

XTT sodium salt

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

Synonym: 2,3-Bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt

  • CAS Number 111072-31-2

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C22H16N7NaO13S2

  • Molecular Weight 673.52

  •  MDL number MFCD00083517

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24902150

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Description

Application

XTT has been used in conjunction with phenazine methosulfate (PMS) to screen human cancer cell lines. The tetrazolium dye has also been used to study fungal cell damage, in testing antimicrobial susceptibility of staphylococci, and in Candida biofilm research. Limitations to the XTT assay have been reported.

Packaging

100, 500 mg in poly bottle

Principle

In living cells, XTT is metabolically reduced to produce a colorimetric, water-soluble formazan product.

Biochem/physiol Actions

XTT (sodium 3′-[1-[(phenylamino)-carbony]-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzene-sulfonic acid hydrate) is acted upon by dehydrogenases present in metabolically active cells. This produces water soluble formazan, which is a highly colored product. Thus, it offers an advantage in colorimetric proliferation assays, as opposed to MTT, as the product is already soluble and no formazan crystals are formed.

General description

XTT (sodium 3′-[1-[(phenylamino)-carbony]-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis(4-methoxy-6-nitro)benzene-sulfonic acid hydrate) is a tetrazolium salt, which forms water-soluble formazan on bioreduction.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Common Cell Culture Problems: Cell Clumping

Cells in suspension may attach to one another and form clumps for a variety of reasons. The most common cause of cell clumping is the presence of free DNA and cell debris in the culture medium, which...
Keywords: Adhesion, Apoptosis, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Culture media, Environmental, Flow cytometry

Common Cell Culture Problems: Cell Death

There is perhaps nothing more frustrating to a cell culturist than removing a dish from the incubator only to find that it’s full of dead cells. Getting to the bottom of the problem can be very chall...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Apoptosis, Autophagy, Buffers, Cell culture, Cell disruption, Cryopreservation, Culture media, Environmental, Enzyme activity, Filtration, Metabolism, Peptide synthesis, Reductions

Common Cell Culture Problems: Cell Line Cross-Contamination and Misidentification

A few years after scientists working at Johns Hopkins established the first human cell line using cervical epithelial cells (HeLa) from cancer patient Henrietta Lacks in the early 1950s, it was obser...
Keywords: Cancer, Cell culture, Cryopreservation, Forensic, Genetic, Phase transitions, Polymerase chain reaction

Common Cell Culture Problems: Contamination

Overview Types of Contamination Common Causes and Prevention of Contaminants    Microbial (bacteria, fungi, yeast)    Mycoplasma    Viral Contamination    Chemical Contamination General Tips and Tech...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Antifungals, Apoptosis, Buffers, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Culture media, Detergents, Eliminations, Environmental, Filtration, Fluorescent microscopy, Gene expression, Indicators, Metabolism, Microscopy, Polymerase chain reaction, Sterilizations

Common Cell Culture Problems: Poor Attachment of Adherent Cells

Optimal cell attachment in vitro requires the interaction of healthy cells with a wide range of cell-derived attachment molecules present in media, serum, and supplements. Cultureware surfaces are fr...
Keywords: Buffers, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Culture media, Decarboxylations, Environmental, Growth factors, Lipid peroxidation, Peroxidations, Precipitation, Reductions, Respiration

Common Cell Culture Problems: Precipitates

When contamination is ruled out, turbidity in cell culture media is often explained by the precipitation of metals, proteins, and other media components. Precipitates can be harmful to cell health, a...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Cell culture, Culture media, Desiccation, Evaporation, Filtration, Microscopy, Nucleic acid denaturation, Precipitation, Purification

Protocols

Common Cell Culture Problems: Poor Cell Growth

Ensuring adequate cell growth is a critical part of collecting accurate data with cell cultures. Cells can be cultured in suspension, or as a monolayer that attaches to cultureware, such as a flask, ...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Apoptosis, Buffers, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Condensations, Cryopreservation, Culture media, Evaporation, Filtration, Microscopy, Phase transitions, Reductions

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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