Chloroform

About Chloroform

Chloroform is a clear, non-combustible, volatile chlorinated hydrocarbon with a sweet smell. It is denser than water and is just somewhat dissolvable in it. Due to its lethal impacts on the heart, liver and other internal organs as well as its suspected carcinogenic properties, chloroform is not currently used as an anesthetic. 

Also known as trichloromethane, chloroform is used in the industrial manufacture of many pesticides, rubber, resin, wax, and other substances. It is a helpful reagent in reactions such as the Reimer–Tiemann and the Kharasch addition. Deuterated chloroform (CDCl3) or deuterochloroform is the most common solvent for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.

Whether you need HPLC chloroform, ACS chloroform, anhydrous chloroform or one of the other grades available, we offer the right product for your application. As a leading supplier of high-purity solvents, we can meet your needs. Search our catalog to find chloroform with amylene or ethanol stabilizer and products with UV specifications.

Physical properties

Chloroform Structure

molecular structure diagram for a chloroform molecule

 

Chloroform Identification

Chart listing the various names, identifiers and synonyms of chloroform.
 

ID Type Identification
Synonym Trichloromethane
Molecular Formula CHCl3
CAS Number 67-66-3
Beilstein Registry
1731042
EG/EC Number 2006638
MDL Number MFCD00000826

Chloroform Physical Properties

Chart including the physical properties of chloroform.
 

Property Value
Molecular Weight 119.38
Density 1.492 g/mL at 25ºC
Boiling Point 60.5-61.5ºC
Melting Point -63ºC
Flash Point -
Viscosity (cP)
0.537 at 25ºC
Dielectric Constant 4.81 at 20ºC
Dipole Moment 1.040
UV cutoff 245 nm
Refractive Index 1. 445 at 20ºC
Vapor Pressure 160 mm Hg (20°C)
Vapor Density 4.1 (vs. air)
Odor or smell ether-like

Chloroform Hazard Statements

Hazard Statements H302-H315-H319-H331-H336-H351-H361d-H372
Signal Word Danger
Precautionary
Statements
P261-P281-P305 + P351 + P338-P311

GHS Information

GHS Pictogram Statement


Acute toxicity (oral, dermal, inhalation), categories 1,2,3
Respiratory sensitization, category 1
Germ cell mutagenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Carcinogenicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Reproductive toxicity, categories 1A,1B,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single exposure, categories 1,2
Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated exposure, categories 1,2
Aspiration Hazard, category 1

Chloroform SDS Information

An SDS (Safety Data Sheet) is available for each chloroform product. Start your search for an SDS.

Chloroform Miscibility and Immiscibility

Property Chemical
Miscible Acetic Acid, Acetone, Acetonitrile, Benzene, Butanol, Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), Butyl Acetate (n-), Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), Carbon Tetrachloride, Chloroform, Cyclohexane, Dichloroethane (1,2-), Dichloromethane, Diethyl ether, Diisopropyl ether, Dimethylformamide, Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO), Dioxane, Ethanol, Ethyl Acetate, Heptane, Hexane, Methanol, Pentane, 1-Propanol, Isopropanol, Tetrahydrofuran (THF), Toluene, Trichloroethylene, Isooctane, Xylene
Immiscible Water
Miscibility Information and Solvent Miscibility Table

 

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