Properties of Solvents

The table below presents the physical characteristics of common solvents. Easily reference or compare solvent properties like boiling point, density, and refractive index all from one list.

Download the Physical Properties of Solvents PDF.

We also offer greener alternatives for common solvents.

Solvent CAS No. Formula Weight Melting Point °C Boiling Point °C Refractive
Index¹
Specific
Gravity²
Acetic Acid 64-19-7 60.05 16.2 117-118 1.3710 1.049
Acetic Anhydrive 108-24-7 102.99 -73 138-140 1.3900 1.080
Acetone 67-64-1 58.08 -94 56 1.3590 0.791
Acetonitrile 75-05-8 41.05 -48 82 1.3440 0.786
Benzene 71-43-2 78.11 5 80 1.5010 0.874
Benzonitrile 100-47-0 103.12 -13 188 1.5280 1.010
1-Butanol 71-36-3 74.12 -90 117.7 1.3990 0.810
2-Butanone 78-93-3 72.11 -87 80 1.3790 0.805
Butyl acetate 123-86-4 116.16 -78 124-126 1.3940 0.882
tert-Butyl methyl ether 1634-04-4 88.15 -- 53-56 1.3692 0.740
Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 76.14 -112 46 1.6270 1.266
Carbon tetrachloride 56-23-5 153.82 -23 77 1.4595 1.594
Chlorobenzene 108-90-7 112.56 -45 132 1.5240 1.107
1-Chlorobutane 109-69-3 92.57 -123 77-78 1.4024 0.886
Chloroform 67-66-3 119.38 -63 60.5-61.5 1.4460 1.492
Cyclohexane 110-82-7 84.16 6.5 80.7-81 1.4260 0.779
Cyclopentane 287-92-3 70.14 -94 50 1.4000 0.751
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 95-50-1 147.00 -18 to -15 179-180 1.5510 1.306
1,2-Dichloroethane 107-06-2 98.96 -35 83 1.4438 1.256
Dichloromethane 75-09-2 84.93 -97 39.8-40 1.4240 1.325
N,N-Dimethylacetamide 127-19-5 87.12 -20 164.5-166 1.4380 0.937
N,N-Dimethylformamide 68-12-2 73.10 -61 153 1.4310 0.944
1,4-Dioxane 123-91-1 88.11 11.8 100-102 1.4220 1.034
Ether 60-29-7 74.12 -116 34.6 1.3530 0.708
2-Ethoxyethyl ether 112-36-7 162.23 -- 180-190 1.4120 0.909
Ethyl acetate 141-78-6 88.11 -84 76.5-77.5 1.3720 0.902
Ethyl alcohol 64-17-5 46.07 -130 78 1.3600 0.785
Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether 110-71-4 90.12 -58 85 1.3791 0.867
Heptane 142-82-5 100.21 -91 98 1.3870 0.684
Hexane 110-54-3 86.18 -95 69 1.3750 0.659
Hexanes 73513-42-5 86.18 -- 68-69 1.3790 0.670
2-Methoxyethanol 109-86-4 76.10 -85 124-125 1.4020 0.965
2-Methoxyethyl acetate 110-49-6 118.13 -65 145 1.4020 1.009
Methyl alcohol 67-56-1 32.04 -98 64.6 1.3290 0.791
2-Methylbutane 78-78-4 72.15 -- 30 1.3540 0.620
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 108-10-1 100.16 -80 117-118 1.3960 0.800
2-Methyl-1-propanol 78-83-1 74.12 -108 108 1.3960 0.803
2-Methyl-2-propanol 75-65-0 74.12 25 83 1.3870 0.786
1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone 872-50-4 99.13 -24 81-82 (3) 1.4700 1.033
Methyl sulfoxide 67-68-5 78.13 18.4 189 1.4790 1.101
Nitromethane 75-52-5 61.04 -29 100.8-101 1.3820 1.127
1-Octanol 111-87-5 130.23 -15 196 1.4290 0.827
Pentane 109-66-0 72.15 -130 35-36 1.3580 0.626
3-Pentanone 96-22-0 86.13 -40 102 1.3920 0.853
1-Propanol 71-23-8 60.10 -127 97 1.3840 0.804
2-Propanol 67-63-0 60.10 -89.5 82.4 1.3770 0.785
Pyridine 110-86-1 79.10 -42 115 1.5100 0.978
Tetrachloroethylene 127-18-4 165.83 -22 121 1.5056 1.623
Tetrahyrdofuran 109-99-9 72.11 -108 67 1.4070 0.886
Toluene 108-88-3 92.14 -93 111 1.4960 0.867
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 76-13-1 187.38 -35 47-48 1.3578 1.575
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane 540-84-1 114.23 -107 98-99 1.3910 0.692
Water 7732-18-5 18.02 0 100 1.3328 (4) 1.000
o-Xylene 95-47-6 106.17 -25 to -23 143-145 1.5050 0.870
p-Xylene 106-42-3 106.17 12-13 138 1.4950 0.866

a. Gant, R., LC/GC 10 (7), 515 (1992)
1. At 20 °C
2. At 20 °C +/- 5 °C relative to water at 4 °C
3. At 10 mmHg pressure
4. At l=589.32 nm