Properties of Solvents

Solvent CAS No. FW MP °C BP °C Refractive
Index¹
Specific
Gravity²
Acetic Acid 67-64-1 58.08 -94 56 1.3590 0.791
Acetic Anhydride 75-05-8 41.05 -48 82 1.3440 0.786
Acetone 71-43-2 78.11 5 80 1.5010 0.874
Acetonitrile 100-47-0 103.12 -13 188 1.5280 1.010
Benzene 71-36-3 74.12 -90 117.7 1.3990 0.810
Benzonitrile 78-93-3 72.11 -87 80 1.3790 0.805
1-Butanol 123-86-4 116.16 -78 124-126 1.3940 0.882
2-Butanone (or methyl ethyl ketone) 1634-04-4 88.15 -- 53-56 1.3692 0.740
Butyl acetate 75-15-0 76.14 -112 46 1.6270 1.266
tert-Butyl methyl ether 56-23-5 153.82 -23 77 1.4595 1.594
Carbon disulfide 108-90-7 112.56 -45 132 1.5240 1.107
Carbon tetrachloride 109-69-3 92.57 -123 77-78 1.4024 0.886
Chlorobenzene 67-66-3 119.38 -63 60.5-61.5 1.4460 1.492
1-Chlorobutane 110-82-7 84.16 6.5 80.7-81 1.4260 0.779
Chloroform 287-92-3 70.14 -94 50 1.4000 0.751
Cyclohexane 95-50-1 147.00 -18 to -15 179-180 1.5510 1.306
Cyclopentane 107-06-2 98.96 -35 83 1.4438 1.256
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 75-09-2 84.93 -97 39.8-40 1.4240 1.325
1,2-Dichloroethane 127-19-5 87.12 -20 164.5-166 1.4380 0.937
Dichloromethane 68-12-2 73.10 -61 153 1.4310 0.944
Di(ethylene glycol) diethyl ether (or 2-ethoxyethyl ether) 123-91-1 88.11 11.8 100-102 1.4220 1.034
N,N-Dimethylacetamide 60-29-7 74.12 -116 34.6 1.3530 0.708
N,N-Dimethylformamide 112-36-7 162.23 -- 180-190 1.4120 0.909
1,4-Dioxane 141-78-6 88.11 -84 76.5-77.5 1.3720 0.902
Ether 64-17-5 46.07 -130 78 1.3600 0.785
Ethyl acetate 110-71-4 90.12 -58 85 1.3791 0.867
Ethyl alcohol 142-82-5 100.21 -91 98 1.3870 0.684
Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether 110-54-3 86.18 -95 69 1.3750 0.659
Heptane 73513-42-5 86.18 -- 68-69 1.3790 0.670
Hexane 109-86-4 76.10 -85 124-125 1.4020 0.965
Hexanes 110-49-6 118.13 -65 145 1.4020 1.009
2-Methoxyethanol 67-56-1 32.04 -98 64.6 1.3290 0.791
2-Methoxyethyl acetate 78-78-4 72.15 -- 30 1.3540 0.620
Methyl alcohol 108-10-1 100.16 -80 117-118 1.3960 0.800
2-Methylbutane 78-83-1 74.12 -108 108 1.3960 0.803
3-Methyl-1-butanol (or isoamyl alcohol) 75-65-0 74.12 25 83 1.3870 0.786
4-Methyl-2-pentanone (or methyl isobutyl ketone) 872-50-4 99.13 -24 81-82 (3) 1.4700 1.033
2-Methyl-1-propanol (or isobutyl alcohol) 67-68-5 78.13 18.4 189 1.4790 1.101
2-Methyl-2-propanol 75-52-5 61.04 -29 100.8-101 1.3820 1.127
1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone 111-87-5 130.23 -15 196 1.4290 0.827
Methyl sulfoxide 109-66-0 72.15 -130 35-36 1.3580 0.626
Nitromethane 96-22-0 86.13 -40 102 1.3920 0.853
1-Octanol 71-23-8 60.10 -127 97 1.3840 0.804
Pentane 67-63-0 60.10 -89.5 82.4 1.3770 0.785
3-Pentanone 110-86-1 79.10 -42 115 1.5100 0.978
1-Propanol 127-18-4 165.83 -22 121 1.5056 1.623
2-Propanol 109-99-9 72.11 -108 67 1.4070 0.886
Propylene carbonate 108-88-3 92.14 -93 111 1.4960 0.867
Pyridine 76-13-1 187.38 -35 47-48 1.3578 1.575
Tetrachloroethylene 540-84-1 114.23 -107 98-99 1.3910 0.692
Tetrahyrdofuran 7732-18-5 18.02 0 100 1.3328 (4) 1.000
Toluene 95-47-6 106.17 -25 to -23 143-145 1.5050 0.870
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 106-42-3 106.17 12-13 138 1.4950 0.866
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane 540-84-1 114.23 -107 98-99 1.3910 0.692
Water 7732-18-5 18.02 0 100 1.3328 (4) 1.000
o-Xylene 95-47-6 106.17 -25 to -23 143-145 1.5050 0.870
p-Xylene 106-42-3 106.17 12-13 138 1.4950 0.866

a. Gant, R., LC/GC 10 (7), 515 (1992)
1. At 20 °C
2. At 20 °C +/- 5 °C relative to water at 4 °C
3. At 10 mmHg pressure
4. At l=589.32 nm