Protein Of The Month

Protein of the Month, August: laminin | human, e.g. L6274; other laminins fall under cell culture

Laminins are high-molecular weight (~400 to ~900 kDa) proteins of the extracellular matrix. They are a major component of the basal lamina (one of the layers of the basement membrane), a protein network foundation for most cells and organs. The laminins are an important and biologically active part of the basal lamina, influencing cell differentiation, migration, and adhesion.
The laminin family of glycoproteins are an integral part of the structural scaffolding in almost every tissue of an organism. Laminin is vital for the maintenance and survival of tissues. Defective laminins can cause muscles to form improperly, leading to a form of muscular dystrophy, lethal skin blistering disease (junctional epidermolysis bullosa) and defects of the kidney filter (nephrotic syndrome).

[Source: Wikipedia - Image: Mosby's Medical Dictionary,8th edition. 2009. Elsevier 12 Jul. 2017]
Laminins in cell culture
Recently, several publications have reported that laminins can be used to culture cells, such as pluripotent stem cells, that are difficult to culture on other substrates. Mostly, two types of laminins have been used. Laminin-111 extracted from mouse sarcomas is one popular laminin type, as well as a mixture of laminins 511 and 521 from human placenta.
Laminin supports growth and differentiation of many cell types including epithelial, endothelial, neural, muscle and liver cells. It is recommended for use as a cell culture substratum at 1-2 μg/cm2. The optimal concentration does depend on cell type as well as the application or research objectives.
Did you know? How do you prepare Laminin from human placenta? (L6274)
To prepare a laminin solution, we recommend that the L6274 be thawed at 2-8°C to avoid the formation of a gel. This can be further diluted in a balanced salt solution. If the product has been thawed at room temperature and ends up as a gel, it cannot be reactivated for use.