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E0159 Efonidipine hydrochloride monoethanolate ≥98% (HPLC) Racemic efonidipine has both L-type and T-type calcium channel blocking activity. The R(−)-isomer appears to be very selective for T-type calcium channel. The S(+)-isomer inhibits the expressed Ca(V)1.2, Ca(V)1.3 and Ca(V)3.1 channel currents almost equally.
 
SML0029 Glycopyrrolate ≥98% (HPLC) Glycopyrrolate is an anti-cholinergic drug. It is a potent controller of drooling, observed in children affected with cerebral palsy. Compared to other muscarinic antagonists, glycopyrrolate has lower CNS (central nervous system) penetration.
Glycopyrrolate is long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA). It is kinetically selective muscarinic M3 receptor antagonist.
human ... CHRM1(1128), CHRM3(1131)
M4267 Mefenamic acid Mefenamic acid is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug. It acts as a cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme inhibitor. It is hepatoxic and implicated in liver injury. Contrarily, mefenamic acid elicits neuroprotection in in vivo ischemic stroke models by inhibiting cell toxicity induced by glutamate. Mefenamic due its inhibitory effect on prostaglandin synthesis can be used in reducing edema and ache.
human ... PTGS1(5742), PTGS2(5743)
N0165 Nisoldipine ≥98% (HPLC) L-type (CaV1.2) calcium channel blocker; dihydropyridine-type calcium channel blocker with selectivity for smooth muscle (CaV1.2b) over cardiac muscle (CaV1.2a). Arterial vasodilator and antihypertensive agent.
human ... CACNA1C(775), CACNA1D(776), CACNA1F(778), CACNA1S(779)
P2116 Pirfenidone ≥97% (HPLC) Pirfenidone inhibits collagen production and fibroblast proliferation. It has shown antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory properties in variety of animal models of pulmonary fibrosis, and in clinical trials.
Pirfenidone is used to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). It helps to decrease the weakening of lung function decline and ameliorate progression-free survival. Pirfenidone can repress the multiplication and contraction of collagen of human tenon′s fibroblasts.
 
UC456 Tramadol hydrochloride ≥98% (HPLC), solid Opioid analgesic; P450 substrate.