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A6733 Auranofin ≥98% (HPLC) Auranofin inhibits various leukocyte activation pathways at multiple sites. Auranofin inhibits the release of inflammatory mediators from human macrophages, basophils, and pulmonary mast cells. The compound also inhibits 5-lipoxygenase in human neutrophils. Auranofin is a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD). The compound is a potent inhibitor of selenoenzyme thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), which is involved in defense against oxidative stress. Auranofin is an efficient inducer of mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore in the presence of calcium ions related to its inhibition of mitochondrial thioredoxin reductase. Auranofin inhibits IKB kinase (IKK) by modifying Cys-179 of the IKKβ subunit 5.