Plant Profiler

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)

Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) Image
Synonyms / Common Names / Related Terms
Arecaceae (family), date sugar palm, edible dates, fluorine, pectin, Phoenix canariensis, Phoenix dactylifera, Phoenix sylvestris Roxb, profilin, selenium, sun-dried date.

Mechanism of Action


  • Constituents: The applicable parts of the date palm are its fruit and seed. Date palm fruit is low in fat (0.2-0.5%) and protein (2.3-5.6%), and high in sugar/carbohydrate (44-88%) and fiber (6.4-11%; up to 94% insoluble).2 Minerals and elements found in date palm fruit include potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, and selenium.2 Vitamins include small amounts of vitamin C, vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), nicotinic acid (niacin) and vitamin A. Date palm fruit also contains malic acid and small amounts of other organic acids.2
  • Date palm seeds are a good source of unsaturated fatty acids, including palmitoleic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids. Mineral salts found in the seeds include boron, calcium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, phosphorous, sodium, and zinc. Additionally, the seeds may also contain aluminum, cadmium, chloride, lead, and sulfur.
  • Anti-aging effects: Date palm has been studied for its anti-aging effects on skin, which are thought to occur due to the phytohormones contained in the date palm kernel.1


  • Insufficient available evidence.


  1. Bauza, E., Dal Farra, C., Berghi, A., Oberto, G., Peyronel, D., and Domloge, N. Date palm kernel extract exhibits antiaging properties and significantly reduces skin wrinkles. Int J Tissue React 2002;24(4):131-136. 12779247
  2. Al Farsi, M., Alasalvar, C., Morris, A., Baron, M., and Shahidi, F. Compositional and sensory characteristics of three native sun-dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Oman. J Agric Food Chem 9-21-2005;53(19):7586-7591. 16159190