“bath salt” Synthetic Cathinones Certified Spiking Solutions®

Cathinone-based stimulants emerged as a regulatory and societal threat in the European Union, Asia, and US in late 2010. Marketed as “bath salts” at head shops and on the internet, synthetic cathinones offer recreational highs that mimic the effects of illegal drugs such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and LSD. Bath salt products, sometimes called “plant food,” are sold in powder or crystalline form under names including Ivory Wave, Vanilla Sky, Pixie Dust, and White Dove. Packaging labels list the compounds as “not for human consumption,” a tactic used to circumvent regulatory control and maintain legal status.

According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), synthetic cathinones have grown increasingly popular among teenagers and young adults due to their ready availability over the internet and legal status. In continuing to monitor and control emerging synthetic cathinones, the DEA on March 7, 2014, placed 4-MEC, 4-FMC, 3-FMC, 4-MePPP, α-PVP, α-PBP, butylone, pentedrone, pentylone and naphyrone in their most restrictive category of Schedule I while they assess the necessity of a permanent ban.1,2

Sigma-Aldrich's Cerilliant brand offers the widest selection of Certified Spiking Solutions® for synthetic cathinones and their metabolites and stable-labeled internal standards. Cerilliant reference standards are manufactured and certified to the highest industry standards including ISO Guide 34, ISO Guide 13485 and ISO/IEC 17025. Each Certified Spiking Solution® is supported by a comprehensive Certificate of Analysis (COA) that provides all analytical data, as well as uncertainty and traceability information to support regulatory requirements. Our COA includes analytical data on homogeneity and accuracy of concentration by comparison to an independently prepared calibration curve.




  1. Cerilliant will continue to monitor the actions of DEA with regards to further regulation of synthetic cathinones. If additional synthetic cathinones are regulated, we will apply for DEA exemptions for our Certified Spiking Solutions® to ensure laboratories an uninterrupted supply without the need for regulatory paperwork.
  2. http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/fed_regs/rules/2014/fr0307_2.htm


Related Links