ECMatrix™ Laminin Substrates are Superior Xeno-free Extracellular Matrix Coatings for Feeder-free Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Cultures

The stem-cell niche refers to the immediate microenvironment where stem cells physically interact with diverse ECM (extracellular matrix) proteins and signaling molecules to regulate cell fate. To create better in vitro models of the cellular environment, researchers have historically coated plasticware with distinct ECM proteins and adhesion molecules to facilitate binding by cellular integrin proteins. The basement membrane, which separates the epithelium from underlying tissue, is composed of about fifty kinds of ECM proteins including laminins, collagens, and assorted  other glycoproteins. Laminins are heterotrimeric proteins composed of an α, β, and γ chain, and are among the largest basement membrane proteins, having a typical molecular weight of ~800 kDa. Laminin isoforms are referred to with three-digit numbers that represent their chain composition. For example, Laminin-511 refers to the isoform consisting of α5, β1, and γ1 chains.

Structure of full length laminin protein, laminin-511 and laminin-511 E8 isoforms.

 

Laminin Isoform
111
211
121
221*
332
311
321
411*
421
511*
521
213
α α1 α2 α1 α2 α3 α3 α3 α4 α4 α5 α5 α2
β β1 β1 β2 β2 β3 β1 β2 β1 β2 β1 β2 β1
γ γ1 γ1 γ1 γ1 γ2 γ1 γ1 γ1 γ1 γ1 γ1 γ3

* ECMatrix™-E8 Laminin Substrate Product Available

Figure 1. Structure of full length laminin protein, laminin-511 and laminin-511 E8 isoforms.

Human pluripotent stem cells (ES and iPS cells) express the major integrin species α6β1, and therefore can be maintained stably and expanded efficiently in feeder-free conditions on culture vessels coated with  laminin-511, the binding partner of integrin α6β1 . However, laminin-511 is not suitable for large-scale production because of its large molecular weight and heterotrimeric nature. Professor Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi’s group (Matrixome, Inc.) have solved this problem by producing a recombinant E8 fragment of laminin-511 at large-scale that retains full integrin-binding activity. ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrates can be used to culture pluripotent stem cells under feeder-free conditions with numerous advantages over traditional coating methods including:

  • Animal-free, xeno-free formulation: Consistent from lot-to-lot, with no prescreening required
  • No plate precoating required: Save time by simply adding to media while passaging cells
  • Supports single-cell passaging without ROCKi: Ideal for CRISPR editing or clonal isolation
  • Higher adhesion and growth rates: Achieve densities needed for experiments sooner
  • Easy to handle: No chilling of cell culture consumables required

Additional laminin E8 fragments can also be used as substrates to differentiate human pluripotent stem cells into different lineages including endothelial progenitors (Laminin-411) and cardiomyocytes (Laminin-221).

Substrate Overview Table

  Stem Cell Qualified
ECM Gel Matrix (BME)
Vitronectin ECMatrix™-511 E8
Part Number CC131 CC130 CC160, CC161
Derivation EHS Sarcoma (Undefined) Recombinant (Defined) Recombinant (Defined)
Species Mouse Human Human
Consistency + ++ +++
Lot Specific Testing Required Not Required Not Required
Pre-coating Step Required Required Not Required
Time for Coating 4-24 Hours 4-24 Hours 1 Hour
Single Cell Passaging + + +++
Clump Passaging +++ ++ +
Cell Growth + ++ +++
Cell Adhesion ++ + +++
Prechilled Equipment Required Not Required Not Required
Coating Concentration Varies by lot 0.5 µg/cm2 0.25 µg/cm2

Results

Growth of human induced pluripotent stem cells.

Figure 2. Growth of human induced pluripotent stem cells. Human iPSCs grown on ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrates demonstrate higher cell proliferation rates compared to Matrigel® basement membrane extract when passaged as single cells using Accutase®.

Human iPSC pluripotency markers.

Figure 3. Human iPSC pluripotency markers. Human iPSCs grown on ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrates over 5 passages maintain pluripotency markers SSEA-4 (red, A), Oct-4 (green, B) and TRA-1-60 (red, C).

Human iPSC Adhesion to Various Substrates

Human iPSC Growth on Various Substrates

Figure 4. Adhesion and growth of human iPSCs on ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrates vs. Matrigel®. A) Human iPS cells adhere more strongly to Laminin-511 E8 fragment than to the intact Laminin-511 or Matrigel®. OD570 absorbance represents the relative number of attached cells normalized against the values at the maximum effect on Matrigel®. Matrigel® control was arbitrarily set=1. B) Human iPS cells cultured using the Laminin-511 E8 Laminin Substrate resulted in 200-fold more cells when compared with Matrigel® coating methods.

Human iPSC Adhesion Using Precoat vs. Non-Precoated Methods

Figure 5. Cell adhesion of human iPSCs cultured on ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrates vs. laminin-521 and vitronectin. ECMatrix™-511 E8 laminin supports adhesion and growth of human iPSCs using both precoated and non-precoated culture methods at low protein concentrations (<0.5 µg/cm2). Unlike other ECM substrates, such as full-length laminin-521 and vitronectin, ECMatrix™-511 E8 is simply added to cell suspensions that have been detached from cultureware during iPS cell passaging.

Ordering Info

Description Recommended Cell Type Part Number
ECMatrix™-511 E8 Laminin Substrate Human ES/iPS Cells CC160-350UG
  Human ES/iPS Cells CC160-1050UG
  Human ES/iPS Cells CC160-100ML
ECMatrix™-511 Silk E8 Laminin Substrate Human ES/iPS Cells CC161-1050UG
  Human ES/iPS Cells CC161-100ML
ECMatrix™-411 E8 Laminin Substrate Endothelial Progenitors CC162-350UG
  Endothelial Progenitors CC162-1050UG
ECMatrix™-221 E8 Laminin Substrate Cardiomyocytes CC163-350UG
  Cardiomyocytes CC163-1050UG
Stem Cell Qualified ECM Gel Matrix Human ES/iPS Cells CC131-5ML
  Human ES/iPS Cells CC131-10X5ML
PluriSTEM-XF™ Recombinant Vitronectin Human ES/iPS Cells CC130

References

  1. Miyazaki T. et al. 2012. Laminin E8 fragments support efficient adhesion and expansion of dissociated human pluripotent stem cells. Nat Commun 3: 1236.
  2. Yamanaka S. et al. 2014. Feeder- and xeno-free method for generation and maintenance of hPSCs.  Sci Rep 4:3594,
  3. Miyazaki T. et al. 2017. Efficient adhesion culture of human pluripotent stem cells using laminin fragments in an uncoated manner. Sci Rep 7: 41165.
  4. CiRA: Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University—Research Activities, Protocols [Internet]. Kyoto: Kyoto University; [cited August 2019]. Available from: https://www.cira.kyoto-u.ac.jp/e/research/protocol.html.

 

ECMatrix™ is a trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Matrigel® is a registered trademark of Corning, Incorporated