Arabidopsis mesophyll protoplasts: a versatile cell system for transient gene expression analysis

Nature Protocols

Volume 2 Issue 7, , Pages 1565 - 1572

doi: 10.1038/nprot.2007.199

Nature Publishing Group


, ,

a Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital

b Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School


Abstract

The transient gene expression system using Arabidopsis mesophyll protoplasts has proven an important and versatile tool for conducting cell-based experiments using molecular, cellular, biochemical, genetic, genomic and proteomic approaches to analyze the functions of diverse signaling pathways and cellular machineries. A well-established protocol that has been extensively tested and applied in numerous experiments is presented here. The method includes protoplast isolation, PEG–calcium transfection of plasmid DNA and protoplast culture. Physiological responses and high-throughput capability enable facile and cost-effective explorations as well as hypothesis-driven tests. The protoplast isolation and DNA transfection procedures take 6–8 h, and the results can be obtained in 2–24 h. The cell system offers reliable guidelines for further comprehensive analysis of complex regulatory mechanisms in whole-plant physiology, immunity, growth and development.


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