Merck
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D9542

Sigma-Aldrich

DAPI

for nucleic acid staining

Synonym(s):
2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride, 4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride, DAPI dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H15N5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
350.25
Beilstein:
4894417
Número de EC:
Número MDL:
ID de la sustancia en PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.52

Nivel de calidad

300

grado

for molecular biology

ensayo

≥98% (HPLC and TLC)

formulario

powder

technique(s)

transfection: suitable

solubilidad

H2O: 20 mg/mL (heat or sonication may be required. Solutions stored in the dark at room temperature or 4 °C should be stable for 2 to 3 weeks.)
PBS: insoluble

ε (extinction coefficient)

30 at 263 nm in H2O at 1 mM

fluorescencia

λex 340 nm; λem 488 nm (nur DAPI)
λex 364 nm; λem 454 nm (DAPI-DNA-Komplex)

idoneidad

suitable for fluorescence

temp. de almacenamiento

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.NC(=N)c1ccc(cc1)-c2cc3ccc(cc3[nH]2)C(N)=N

InChI

1S/C16H15N5.2ClH/c17-15(18)10-3-1-9(2-4-10)13-7-11-5-6-12(16(19)20)8-14(11)21-13;;/h1-8,21H,(H3,17,18)(H3,19,20);2*1H

InChI key

FPNZBYLXNYPRLR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Descripción general

DAPI (4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride) is a cell permeable, fluorescent dye that binds to DNA.

Aplicación

Suitable for
  • DNA staining in agarose gels
  • analysis of changes in DNA during apoptosis
  • detection of mycoplasma
  • photofootprinting of DNA
  • immunofluorescent staining of cells

DAPI has been used:-
  • in rapid monitoring of microbial contamination
  • in chromosomal banding technique
  • in detection of apoptotic cells
  • in fluorescence microscopy to track the DisA (DNA integritiy scanning protein) movement on Bacillus subtilis DNA
  • to stain mature pollen grains(0.5 mg/ml)
DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.

Envase

1, 5, 10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Acciones bioquímicas o fisiológicas

Cell permeable fluorescent minor groove-binding probe for DNA. Binds to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA (preferentially to AT rich DNA), forming a stable complex which fluoresces approximately 20 times greater than DAPI alone.

Precaución

Protect from light.

pictogramas

Exclamation mark

Palabra de señalización

Warning

Frases de peligro

Clasificaciones de peligro

Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT SE 3

Órganos de actuación

Respiratory system

Código de clase de almacenamiento

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Punto de inflamabilidad F

Not applicable

Punto de inflamabilidad C

Not applicable

Equipo de protección personal

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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