Oxidant treatment causes a dose-dependent phenotype of apoptosis in cultured motoneurons.

Journal of neuroscience research (1998-12-18)
E C Kaal, H Veldman, P Sodaar, E A Joosten, P R Dop Bär
RESUMEN

Evidence is growing that reactive oxygen species (ROS), by-products of (normal) cellular aerobic metabolism, are involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. One of these diseases is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), in which motoneurons die, leading to paralysis and death. It remains uncertain whether ROS are the cause of (apoptotic) motoneuron death in ALS. To further understand the role of ROS in motoneuron death, we investigated the effects of ROS on isolated spinal rat motoneurons in culture. ROS were generated with a combination of iron(III) and ascorbate, or with hydrogen peroxide. Both toxic treatments resulted in a dose-dependent motoneuron death. Iron(III)/ascorbate toxicity was completely prevented with the hydrogen peroxide detoxifying enzyme catalase and partially prevented with the antioxidant vitamin E. SOD1, the enzyme that removes superoxide, did not protect against iron(III)/ascorbate toxicity. ROS treatment caused apoptotic motoneuron death: low doses of iron(III)/ ascorbate or hydrogen peroxide resulted in complete apoptosis ending in nuclear fragmentation, while high doses of ROS resulted in incomplete apoptosis (nuclear condensation). Thus, depending on the dose of ROS, the motoneurons complete the apoptotic pathway (low dose) or are stopped somewhere during this route (high dose).

MATERIALES
Referencia del producto
Marca
Descripción del producto

Sigma-Aldrich
Catalase from human erythrocytes, ≥90% (SDS-PAGE), buffered aqueous solution, ≥30,000 units/mg protein
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-Catalase antibody ,Mouse monoclonal, clone CAT-505, purified from hybridoma cell culture

Redes sociales

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

Merck

Investigación. Desarrollo. Producción.

Somos un proveedor líder para la industria de Ciencias de la Vida con soluciones y servicios para investigación, desarrollo y producción biotecnológicos, y para desarrollo y producción de tratamientos farmacéuticos

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Alemania y/o sus filiales. Todos los derechos reservados.

Queda estrictamente prohibida la reproducción sin permiso de cualquiera de los materiales de la página web.