2-Formylcinnamaldehyde formation yield from the OH radical-initiated reaction of naphthalene: effect of NO(2) concentration.

Environmental science & technology (2012-07-20)
Noriko Nishino, Janet Arey, Roger Atkinson
RESUMEN

Naphthalene, typically the most abundant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the atmosphere, reacts with OH radicals by addition to form OH-naphthalene adducts. These OH-naphthalene adducts react with O(2) and NO(2), with the two reactions being of equal importance in air at an NO(2) mixing ratio of ∼60 ppbv. 2-Formylcinnamaldehyde [o-HC(O)C(6)H(4)CH═CHCHO] is a major product of the OH radical-initiated reaction of naphthalene, with a yield from the reaction of OH-naphthalene adducts with NO(2) of ∼56%. We have measured, on a relative basis, the formation yield of 2-formylcinnamaldehyde from the OH radical-initiated reaction of naphthalene in air at average NO(2) concentrations of 1.2 × 10(11), 1.44 × 10(12), and 1.44 × 10(13) molecules cm(-3) (mixing ratios of 0.005, 0.06, and 0.6 ppmv, respectively). These NO(2) concentrations cover the range of conditions corresponding to the OH-naphthalene adducts reacting ∼90% of the time with O(2) to ∼90% of the time with NO(2). The 2-formylcinnamaldehyde formation yield decreased with decreasing NO(2) concentration, and a yield from the OH-naphthalene adducts + O(2) reaction of 14% is obtained based on a 56% yield from the OH-naphthalene adducts + NO(2) reaction. Based on previous measurements of glyoxal and phthaldialdehyde from the naphthalene + OH reaction and literature data for the OH radical-initiated reactions of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the reactions of OH-naphthalene adducts with O(2) appear to differ significantly from the OH-monocyclic adduct + O(2) reactions.

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