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Bead injection for biomolecular assays: Affinity chromatography enhanced by bead injection spectroscopy.

The Analyst (2006-06-28)
Yan Gutzman, Andrea D Carroll, Jaromir Ruzicka
ABSTRACT

Selective capture of target biomolecules by ligands immobilized on a solid support is a cornerstone of two seemingly unrelated techniques: micro-Affinity Chromatography (microAC) and micro-Bead Injection Spectroscopy (microBIS). This work shows, for the first time, how these techniques can be carried out using the same instrument and how the data obtained this way complement each other, yielding complete information on retention and elution of target biomolecules. Biomolecular association and dissociation were investigated by microAC and microBIS, using computer-controlled programmable flow and the same instrument for automated bead transport, packing of a micro-column, assay of the analyte, and bead disposal. The absorbance of the analyte was monitored within the fiber optic flow cell configured either for monitoring directly on the beads or post-column after elution. The separation, binding, and elution of immunoglobulins (human IgG, rabbit IgG, and horse IgG) on protein G-coated Sepharose beads were studied as model systems. The limit of detection of the microAC technique was determined to be 5 ng microL(-1) IgG, and that of the microBIS technique was 50 ng microL(-1) IgG.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
IgG from human serum, reagent grade, ≥95% (HPLC), buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
IgG−FITC from human serum, ~20 mg/mL, buffered aqueous solution
Sigma-Aldrich
IgG from rabbit serum, reagent grade, ≥95% (SDS-PAGE), essentially salt-free, lyophilized powder