Journal of cellular and molecular medicine

TFPI-2 silencing increases tumour progression and promotes metalloproteinase 1 and 3 induction through tumour-stromal cell interactions.

PMID 20015200


Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a potent inhibitor of plasmin which activates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) involved in degradation of the extracellular matrix. Its secretion in the tumour microenvironment makes TFPI-2 a potential inhibitor of tumour invasion and metastasis. As demonstrated in aggressive cancers, TFPI-2 is frequently down-regulated in cancer cells, but the mechanisms involved in the inhibition of tumour progression remained unclear. We showed in this study that stable TFPI-2 down-regulation in the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-H460 non-small cell lung cancer cell line using specific micro interfering micro-interfering RNA promoted tumour progression in a nude mice orthotopic model that resulted in an increase in cell invasion. Moreover, TFPI-2 down-regulation enhanced cell adhesion to collagen IV and laminin via an increase in α(1) integrin on cell surface, and increased MMP expression (mainly MMP-1 and -3) contributing to cancer cell invasion through basement membrane components. This study also reveals for the first time that pulmonary fibroblasts incubated with conditioned media from TFPI-2 silencing cancer cells exhibited increased expression of MMPs, particularly MMP-1, -3 and -7, that are likely involved in lung cancer cell invasion through the surrounding stromal tissue, thus enhancing formation of metastases.