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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi

Atorvastatin alleviates cardiomyocyte apoptosis by suppressing TRB3 induced by acute myocardial infarction and hypoxia.


PMID 27645622

Abstract

TRB3 (tribbles 3), an apoptosis-regulated gene, increases during endoplasmic reticulum stress. Hypoxia can induce inflammatory mediators and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. However, the expression of TRB3 in cardiomyocyte apoptosis under hypoxia is not thoroughly known. We investigated the regulation mechanism of TRB3 expression and apoptosis induced by hypoxia in cardiomyocytes. An in vivo model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was applied in adult Wistar rats to induce myocardial hypoxia. Rat neonatal cardiomyocytes were subjected to 2.5% O The expression of TRB3 was evaluated in cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia. Hypoxia significantly enhanced TRB3 protein and mRNA expression. Adding c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor SP600125, JNK small interfering RNA (siRNA), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) antibody, and atorvastatin 30 minutes before hypoxia reversed the induction of TRB3 protein. A gel-shift assay showed the DNA-binding activity of growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene 153 (GADD153), which increased after hypoxia. Hypoxia increased, whereas the TRB3-mut plasmid, SP600125, and TNF-α antibody abolished the hypoxia-induced TRB3 promoter activity. Hypoxia increased the secretion of TNF-α from cardiomyocytes. Exogenous administration of TNF-α recombinant protein to the cardiomyocytes without hypoxia increased TRB3 protein expression, similar to that observed after hypoxia. Hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis is inhibited by TRB3 siRNA, the TNF-α antibody, and atorvastatin. Atorvastatin reduced the TRB3 expression and cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by AMI. Hypoxia induces TRB3 through TNF-α, JNK, and the GADD153 pathway. Treatment of atorvastatin inhibits the expression of TRB3 and cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by AMI and hypoxia.

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