D8418

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

for molecular biology

Synonym(s):
Methylsulfinylmethane, Molecular Biology Grade DMSO, DMSO, Methyl Sulfoxide
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.52

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

shelf life

Recommended retest period - 2 years

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

application(s)

DNA sequencing: suitable
PCR: suitable
transfection: suitable

impurities

≤0.001 meq/g Titratable acid
≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer)

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: miscible (completely)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

absorption

passes test

suitability

suitable for molecular biology

foreign activity

DNase and RNase, none detected

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Features and Benefits:

  • Suitable for Molecular Applications
  • Nuclease-Free DMSO
  • DNase-Free, RNase-Free, Protease-Free, Phosphatase-Free
  • Molecular Biology Grade DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a highly polar organic reagent that has exceptional solvent properties for organic and inorganic chemicals.
This product is designated as Molecular Biology grade and is suitable for molecular biology applications. It has been analyzed for the presence of nucleases and proteases.

Application

DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide) is a highly polar, aprotic organic solvent with many applications in organic chemistry and molecular biology. DMSO is routinely used in

  • polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • amplification of cDNA libraries
  • DNA sequencing
  • column-loading buffers for poly(A)+ RNA selection
  • buffers for the transformation of competent E. coli
  • transfection protocols.

Dimethyl sulfoxide has been used-

  • as an oligonucleotide solvent in array spotting[1]
  • as a solvent during miRNA microarray analysis and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)
  • for cell lysis during MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay
  • for the preparation of the stock solution during MMP (mitochondrial membrane potential)cytofluorimetric assessment
  • in the storage of human and animal cell lines and bacteriophage λ as a cryoprotective agent.
To prepare a sterile filtered DMSO solution, it is recommended to use a PTFE or nylon membrane. Cellulose acetate membranes are not recommended.

Packaging

1 L in glass bottle
50, 100, 250, 500 mL in glass bottle

Features and Benefits

This product is free from DNases, RNases, phosphatases and proteases.

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

storage_class_code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point F

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point C

87 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. How does the storage temperature relate to shipping conditions?

    The storage conditions that a Sigma-Aldrich catalog and label recommend for products are deliberately conservative. For many products, long-term storage at low temperatures will increase the time during which they are expected to remain in specification and therefore are labeled accordingly. Where short-term storage, shipping time frame, or exposure to conditions other than those recommended for long-term storage will not affect product quality, Sigma-Aldrich will ship at ambient temperature. The products sensitive to short-term exposure to conditions other than their recommended long-term storage are shipped on wet or dry ice. Ambient temperature shipping helps to control shipping costs for our customers. At any time, our customers can request wet- or dry-ice shipment, but the special handling is at customer expense if our product history indicates that the product is stable for regular shipment. See Shipping and Storage for more information.

  2. What is the molarity of DMSO?

    DMSO will have a molarity of 14.1M, based on a density of 1.1 g/mL and a molecular weight of 78.13 g/mol.

  3. What is the DMSO dissolved in?

    DMSO is not dissolved in any solvent. It is a pure chemical compound that is a liquid at room temperature.

  4. Where does DMSO come from?

    DMSO is known to have been isolated from tree bark in the past. It is now a commericially synthesized solvent.

  5. Does DMSO have any synthetic utility?

    DMSO has been used to oxidize thiols and disulfides to sulfonic acids, hydrolysis of epoxides, thioalkylation of phenols, and oxidation of primary alcohols and halides, and esters of primary alcohols to aldehydes.

  6. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  7. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) should be a liquid.  Why did it arrive as a solid?

    DMSO supercools easily, and re-melts slowly at room temperature. The melting point is 16-19 °C. The solidified product can be re-liquefied by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

  8. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  9. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  10. Is Dimethyl sulfoxide a sterile product?

    No, this product is not considered sterile.  Product Nos. D2560 and D2438 are sterile-filtered.

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