Polymerizable Ionic Liquids for Solid-State Polymer Electrolytes.

Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) (2019-01-20)
Robert Löwe, Thomas Hanemann, Andreas Hofmann
RESUMEN

Eight new polymerizable ammonium-TFSI ionic liquids were synthesized and characterized with respect to an application in energy storage devices. The ionic liquids feature methacrylate or acrylate termination as polymerizable groups. The preparation was optimized to obtain the precursors and ionic liquids in high yield. All products were characterized by NMR and IR spectroscopy. Phase transition temperatures were obtained by DSC analysis. Density, viscosity and ionic conductivity of the ionic liquids were compared and discussed. The results reveal that the length of attached alkyl groups as well as the methyl group at the polymerizable function have significant influences on the ionic liquids physicochemical properties. Ionic conductivity values vary between 0.264 mS cm-1 for [C₂NA,22]TFSI and 0.080 mS cm-1 for [C₈NMA,22]TFSI at 25 °C. Viscosity values are within a range of 0.762 Pa s for [C₂NA,22]TFSI and 1.522 Pa s for [C₆NMA,22]TFSI at 25 °C.

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