Merck

Molecular targeting of lymph nodes with L-selectin ligand-specific US contrast agent: a feasibility study in mice and dogs.

Radiology (2004-05-01)
Peter Hauff, Michael Reinhardt, Andreas Briel, Nils Debus, Michael Schirner
RESUMEN

To evaluate the feasibility of using intravenously administered L-selectin ligand-specific polymer-stabilized air-filled microparticles (MPs) for active targeting of peripheral lymph nodes under normal conditions in animal models. L-selectin ligand-specific MPs and two control substances (immunoglobulin M-isotype MPs and native MPs) were each administered in three conscious mice as a single intravenous bolus injection (1.4 x 10(7) MPs/kg). All mice were sacrificed 30 minutes after administration. Lymph nodes (cervical, inguinal, axillary, popliteal, mesenteric), spleen (positive control), and kidney (blood pool control) were removed and examined for MP-related stimulated acoustic emission (SAE) signals by using harmonic color Doppler ultrasonography (US) in a tank containing degassed water. A second experiment was performed in six anesthetized beagle dogs by using the same MP formulation. Each of the MP formulations was administered in two anesthetized dogs as a single intravenous bolus injection (1 x 10(7) MPs/kg). The popliteal lymph nodes, spleen (positive control), and kidney (blood pool control) were examined in vivo with US for MP-related SAE signals 30 minutes after administration. Fisher exact test for the one-side alternative was used for mouse data analysis. The lymph nodes of all mice (P =.05) and the popliteal lymph nodes of both dogs treated with L-selectin ligand-specific MPs showed clear MP-related SAE signals, whereas the lymph nodes of all mice and the popliteal lymph nodes of four dogs that received the control substances did not show any SAE signals. Use of an intravenously administered L-selectin ligand-specific US contrast agent is feasible for active lymph node targeting in mice and dogs.

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ExtrAvidin®−Peroxidase, buffered aqueous solution