Merck
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69554

Sigma-Aldrich

Peptidoglycan from Bacillus subtilis

Synonym(s):
PGN
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.21

form

solid

Quality Level

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

Peptidoglycan.is a biopolymer that is a major component of the cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria. Peptidoglycan consists of a carbohydrate backbone of alternating units of N-acetyl glucosamine and N-acetyl muramic acid and is modified with both D- and L-amino acids. N-Acetyl muramic acid residues are cross-linked with oligopeptides. The terminal peptide is D-alanine although other amino acids are present as D-isomers.

Application

Peptidoglycan may be used for the activity estimation of lytic enzymes (e.g. lyticase). It is recommended to use a peptidoglycan concentration of 0.15-3 μg/ml in water or buffer and measuring at 450 nm. The peptidoglycan is not soluble but produces a suspension in water.
Peptidoglycan activates the Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), present in mammalian cells for the stimulation of lymphocytes. It may also function as an antagonist of Poly (I:C).

Packaging

Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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