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  • Transfer kinetics of perfluorooctane sulfonate from water and sediment to a marine benthic fish, the marbled flounder (Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae).

Transfer kinetics of perfluorooctane sulfonate from water and sediment to a marine benthic fish, the marbled flounder (Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae).

Environmental toxicology and chemistry (2013-05-03)
Takeo Sakurai, Jun Kobayashi, Kyoko Kinoshita, Nozomi Ito, Shigeko Serizawa, Hiroaki Shiraishi, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Toshihiro Horiguchi, Hideaki Maki, Kaoruko Mizukawa, Yoshitaka Imaizumi, Toru Kawai, Noriyuki Suzuki
ABSTRAKT

The authors investigated the kinetics of transfer of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) from water, suspended sediment, and bottom sediment to a marine benthic fish, the marbled flounder (Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae). Fish were exposed in 3 treatments to PFOS in combinations of these exposure media for 28 d and then depurated for 84 d. A major part (37-66%) of PFOS in the fish was in the carcass (i.e., whole body minus muscle and internal organs). Three first-order-kinetic models that differed in exposure media, that is, 1) sum of dissolved and particulate phases and sediment; 2) dissolved phase, particulate phase, and sediment; and 3) dissolved phase only, were fitted to the data assuming common rate constants among the treatments. The uptake efficiency of dissolved PFOS at the respiratory surfaces was estimated to be 3.2% that of oxygen, and the half-life of PFOS in the whole body to be 29 d to 31 d. The better fit of models 1 and 2 and the values of the estimated uptake rate constants suggested that the PFOS in suspended and bottom sediments, in addition to that dissolved in water, contributed to the observed body burden of the fish. Based on an evaluation of several possible contributing factors to the uptake of PFOS from suspended and bottom sediments, the authors propose that further investigation is necessary regarding the mechanisms responsible for the uptake.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Heptadecafluorooctanesulfonic acid solution, ~40% in H2O (T)
Supelco
Heptadecafluorooctanesulfonic acid solution, 100 μg/mL in methanol, analytical standard