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E0774

Sigma-Aldrich

Erythromycin

meets USP testing specifications

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Synonym(s):
Erythromycin A
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C37H67NO13
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
733.93
Beilstein:
75279
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Agency

USP/NF
meets USP testing specifications

Quality Level

form

solid

optical activity

[α]/D -78 to --71°

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

SMILES string

CC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@](C)(OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O2)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]3O[C@H](C)C[C@@H]([C@H]3O)N(C)C)[C@](C)(O)C[C@@H](C)C(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@]1(C)O

InChI

1S/C37H67NO13/c1-14-25-37(10,45)30(41)20(4)27(39)18(2)16-35(8,44)32(51-34-28(40)24(38(11)12)15-19(3)47-34)21(5)29(22(6)33(43)49-25)50-26-17-36(9,46-13)31(42)23(7)48-26/h18-26,28-32,34,40-42,44-45H,14-17H2,1-13H3/t18-,19-,20+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25-,26+,28-,29+,30-,31+,32-,34+,35-,36-,37-/m1/s1

InChI key

ULGZDMOVFRHVEP-RWJQBGPGSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
PHR103945674E6376
Erythromycin meets USP testing specifications

E0774

Erythromycin

Erythromycin Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

PHR1039

Erythromycin

Erythromycin tested according to Ph. Eur.

45674

Erythromycin

Erythromycin potency: ≥850 μg per mg

E6376

Erythromycin

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

mode of action

-

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

form

solid

form

-

form

solid

form

powder

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

pharmaceutical (small molecule)

application(s)

environmental

application(s)

-

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

solubility

-

solubility

H2O: soluble 2 mg/mL, acetone: freely soluble, acetonitrile: freely soluble, alcohol: soluble, amyl acetate: moderately soluble, chloroform: soluble, diethyl ether: soluble, ethyl acetate: freely soluble

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

General description

Chemical structure: macrolide

Application

Erythromycin is an antibiotic produced by growth of certain strains of Streptomyces erythreus. This product is composed largely of erythromycin A with small amounts of erythromycins B and C and is recommended for concentration at 100 mg/L. Concentrations between 50 and 200 mg/L have also proven effective in controlling bacterial growth. Erythromycin has been used as a motilin receptor agonist, to block respiratory glycoconjugate secretion in human airways in vitro, and for selecting plasmid-cured and recombinant lactococcus lactis MG1363 strains.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: Erythromycin acts by inhibiting elongation at the transpeptidation step, specifically aminoacyl translocation from the A-site to P-site by binding to the 50s subunit of the bacterial 70s rRNA complex.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: This product acts against both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria.

Caution

This product is stable in solution at 37°C for 3 days. Stock solutions should be stored at 2-8°C.

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in water at 2 mg/mL, with a 0.067% solution in water yielding a pH of 8.0-10.5. It is also soluble in ethanol at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear, colorless to faint yellow solution. It is freely soluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, acetonitrile and ethyl acetate but forms salts with acids. All solutions should be protected from light.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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Biofilm, a stress-induced physiological state, is an established means of antimicrobial tolerance. A perpetual increase in multidrug resistant (MDR) infections associated with high mortality and morbidity have been observed in healthcare settings. Multiple studies have indicated that the use of
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We have previously described the existence of membranous nanotubes, bridging adjacent bacteria, facilitating intercellular trafficking of nutrients, cytoplasmic proteins, and even plasmids, yet components enabling their biogenesis remain elusive. Here we reveal the identity of a molecular apparatus providing a
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Patients undergoing emergency procedures under general anesthesia have impaired gastric emptying and are at high risk for aspiration of gastric contents. Erythromycin has strong gastric prokinetic properties. To evaluate the efficacy of erythromycin lactobionate in gastric emptying in patients undergoing
Leena Keurulainen et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 53(21), 7664-7674 (2010-10-12)
Chlamydia pneumoniae is an intracellular bacterium that responds poorly to antibiotic treatment. Insufficient antibiotic usage leads to chronic infection, which is linked to disease processes of asthma, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease. The Chlamydia research lacks genetic tools exploited by other
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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 51(1), 128-136 (2006-10-25)
Dosing of antibacterial agents is generally based on point estimates of the effect, even though bacteria exposed to antibiotics show complex kinetic behaviors. The use of the whole time course of the observed effects would be more advantageous. The aim

Articles

Protein synthesis is a complex, multi-step process involving many enzymes as well as conformational alignment. However, the majority of antibiotics that block bacterial protein synthesis interfere with the processes at the 30S subunit or 50S subunit of the 70S bacterial ribosome.

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