Merck

Long-term phenol, cresols and BTEX monitoring in urban air.

Environmental monitoring and assessment (2009-04-04)
Alberto Sturaro, Rocco Rella, Giorgio Parvoli, Daniela Ferrara
ABSTRACT

This paper reports the results of a long-term monitoring of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX), phenol and cresols in the air of Padua during a wide period of the year 2007 using two radial passive samplers (Radiello system) equipped with BTEX- and phenol-specific cartridges. Two sites were monitored, one in the industrial area and one close to the town centre. Relevant pollution episodes have been observed during both the winter and summer periods. Benzene, together with toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes showed their maximum concentrations during the winter season, but the secondary pollutant phenol was higher than benzene for a large period of the year when the meteorological conditions blocked the pollutants in the lower layers of the atmosphere and solar radiation increased the benzene photo-oxidation process.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

radiello Filtration Kit, pk of 20
radiello BTEX/VOC Starter Kit, CS2 Desorption
Supelco
radiello BTEX Calibration Kit (CS2 Desorption)
radiello 1,3-Butadiene Starter Kit, Thermal Desorption, pkg of 1 kit (2 RAD141 adsorbing cartridges and barcode labels, 1 RAD1202 yellow diffusive body, 1 RAD121 triangular support plate, 1 instruction sheet)
radiello Diffusive Bodies, white, configured for general use, pk of 20
radiello On-Field Thermometer, Reader, pk of 1
Supelco
radiello Methylene Blue Calibration Standard for H2S (Hydrogen Sulfide), pkg of 100 mL
Supelco
radiello VOC Calibration Kit (Workplace Environment)
radiello Diffusive Bodies, yellow, configured for reduced sampling rates, pk of 20
radiello Empty Storage Tubes, glass (with stopper), volume 2.8 mL, pk of 100
radiello Empty Storage Tubes, polypropylene (with stopper), volume 12 mL, pk of 100
Supelco
radiello BTEX Calibration Kit (Thermal Desorption)
radiello Clips, suspending Radiello triangular support plate, pk of 20
radiello On-Field Thermometer, Includes one standard Radiello vertical adapter (RAD122) for each thermometer, configured for standard use, pk of 3
radiello Hydrogen Sulfide Starter Kit
radiello Diffusive Bodies, blue, configured for sampling light sensitive compounds, pk of 20
radiello Diffusive Bodies, permeative, configured for anaesthetic gases and vapors, pk of 20
radiello BTEX/VOC Starter Kit, Thermal Desorption
Supelco
radiello Aldehyde Calibration Standard, 50 μg/mL each component in acetonitrile, pkg of 10 mL
Sigma-Aldrich
Cresol mixture of isomers, technical, crude, ~85% (sum of isomers, GC)
radiello Cartridge Adsorbents, for sampling BTEX and VOCs (thermal desorption), matrix SS net (3 x 8 μm, 4.8 mm diam.), Carbograph, pk of 20
radiello Triangular Support Plate, pk of 20
radiello Cartridge Adsorbents, for sampling Aldehydes, matrix SS net with 2,4-DNPH coated FLORISIL®, pk of 20
radiello Vertical Adapter, threaded for standard use, pk of 20
radiello Cartridge Adsorbents, for sampling BTEX and VOCs (CS2 Desorption), matrix SS net (100 mesh, 5.8 mm diam.), activated with activated charcoal (30-50 mesh), pk of 20
radiello Barcode Labels, pk of 198
radiello Anesthetic Gases and Vapor Sampler
radiello Cartridge Adsorbents, for sampling Anaesthetic Gases/Vapors, matrix SS net with mix of mol sieve and activated charcoal (30-50 mesh), pk of 20
radiello Cartridge Adsorbents, for sampling Ammonia (NH3), matrix microporous PE impregnated with phosphoric acid, pk of 20
radiello Outdoor Shelter, pk of 10