Merck
  • Measurement of the dissociation constant of Fluo-3 for Ca2+ in isolated rabbit cardiomyocytes using Ca2+ wave characteristics.

Measurement of the dissociation constant of Fluo-3 for Ca2+ in isolated rabbit cardiomyocytes using Ca2+ wave characteristics.

Cell calcium (2003-05-28)
C M Loughrey, K E MacEachern, J Cooper, G L Smith
摘要

The Ca(2+) dissociation constant (K(d)) of Fluo-3 was determined using confocal fluorescence microscopy in two different situations: (i) within the cytosol of a permeabilised cardiomyocyte; and (ii) in an intact cardiomyocyte after incubation with the acetoxymethyl ester form of Fluo-3 (AM). Measurements were made on isolated rabbit ventricular cardiomyocytes after permeabilisation by a brief treatment with beta-escin (0.1mg/ml) and equilibration with 10 microM Fluo-3. The K(d) of Fluo-3 within the cytosol was not significantly different from that in free solution (558 +/- 15 nM, n=6). Over a range of cytoplasmic [Ca(2+)], the minimum [Ca(2+)] values between Ca(2+) waves was relatively constant despite changes in wave frequency. After loading intact cardiomyocytes with Fluo-3 by incubation with the -AM, spontaneous Ca(2+) waves were produced by incubation with strophanthidin (10 microM). By assuming a common minimum [Ca(2+)] in permeabilised and intact cells, the intracellular K(d) of Fluo-3 in intact myocytes was estimated to be 898 +/-64 nM (n=6). Application of this K(d) to fluorescence records shows that Ca(2+) waves in intact cells have similar amplitudes to those in permeabilised cells. Stimulation of cardiac myocytes at 0.5 Hz in the absence of strophanthidin (room temperature) resulted in a Ca(2+) transient with a maximum and minimum [Ca(2+)] of 1190 +/- 200 and 158 +/- 30 nM (n=11), respectively.

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Sigma-Aldrich
毒毛旋花子苷元