Human TRAIL can be used as a selection agent for treating human cells for phenotypic enrichments. The product can also be used in chemical transfection for identifying Small RNA Modulators of TRAIL-Induced Apoptosis Pathway by utilizing libraries of synthetic small interfering RNA (siRNA) and microRNAs (miRNA).
TRAIL human has been used in immunofluorescence analyses, to study the delocalization of melanoma antigen-D2 in the nucleoplasm after a cellular stress.
Type II transmembrane protein of the TNF superfamily. Ligand for apoptosis-inducing death receptors DR4 and DR5, decoy receptors DcR1 and DcR2, and osteoprotegerin. Approximately 28% amino acid sequence identity to FAS ligand. Human and mouse TRAIL share 65% sequence identity.
TRAIL is a cytokine with anti-inflammatory, and antitumor activity. It is expressed in various cells including immune cells, vascular cells and adipocytes. TRAIL is associated with vascular endothelial cell protection.
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a type II transmembrane protein that belongs to TNF family. The product present in both soluble as well as membrane-bound form, can induce rapid apoptosis of various transformed cell lines but not the normal cells. Additionally, the product can also induce apoptotic cell death in TRAIL-sensitive U343MG cells.