Sensory properties are critical characteristics that determine quality and can be evaluated by trained tasting panels. The panels function as multi-sensor measuring instrument and need the use of reference materials (RMs) for training. The homogeneity between units packaged from a batch of RM can be evaluated by gas chromatography coupled to flame ionization detection (GC-FID), using this instrumental technique as an alternative to sensory analysis. For this purpose, the fingerprint methodology is applied, taking into account that the homogeneity assessment will be based on evaluating the similarity between the fingerprints of the fraction of volatile organic compounds acquired from samples representative of the batch. The proposed methodology is applied with good results to evaluate the homogeneity of several RMs for sensory analysis of virgin olive oil samples, using similarity indices, control charts and exploratory analysis of multivariate data to observe the grouping RM and fingerprint regions representative of each defect.