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X100

Sigma-Aldrich

Triton X-100

laboratory grade

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Synonym(s):
t-Octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol, Polyethylene glycol tert-octylphenyl ether
Linear Formula:
t-Oct-C6H4-(OCH2CH2)xOH, x= 9-10
CAS Number:
Beilstein:
2315025
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

grade

laboratory grade

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000
average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

CMC

0.2-0.9 mM (20-25°C)

mp

6  °C (43 °F)

transition temp

cloud point 65 °C
pour point ~7 °C

solubility

water: 0.1 mL/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

HLB

13.5

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)CC(C)(C)c1ccc(OCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO)cc1

InChI

1S/C28H50O8/c1-27(2,3)24-28(4,5)25-6-8-26(9-7-25)36-23-22-35-21-20-34-19-18-33-17-16-32-15-14-31-13-12-30-11-10-29/h6-9,29H,10-24H2,1-5H3

InChI key

HNLXNOZHXNSSPN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
T8787V9005021.08603
Triton™ X-100 laboratory grade

Sigma-Aldrich

X100

Triton X-100

-
Triton™ X-100 for molecular biology

Sigma-Aldrich

T8787

Triton X-100

-
Triton™ X-100 Vetec™, reagent grade

Sigma-Aldrich

V900502

Triton X-100

Essential Grade
Triton™ X-100 for analysis

Millipore

1.08603

Triton X-100

-
grade

laboratory grade

grade

for molecular biology

grade

reagent grade

grade

-

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic

description

non-ionic surfactant

description

-

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

mol wt

micellar avg mol wt 80,000, average mol wt 625

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

aggregation number

100-155

General description

Triton X-100 has hemolytic property and is used for DNA extraction.
Triton X-100 is a common non-ionic surfactant and emulsifier which is often used in biochemical applications to solubilize proteins. It is considered a comparatively mild detergent, non-denaturing, and is reported in numerous references as a routinely added reagent. It is utilized for lysing cells to extract protein and cellular organelles. It can also permeabilize the living cell membrane for transfection.

Application

Triton-X has been used:
  • In the permeabilization of cells for immunofluorescence staining
  • As a component of lysis buffer in western blot analysis
  • As a component of Tris-buffered saline for the preparation of cell sections in Immunogold labelling for electron microscope

Biochem/physiol Actions

Widely used non-ionic surfactant for recovery of membrane components under mild non-denaturing conditions.

Features and Benefits

  • Ideal for Cell Biology and Biochemical research applications
  • Non-ionic nondenaturing detergent
  • Superior wetting agent and emulsifier
  • Highly versatile surfactant

Legal Information

Tri-Chek is a trademark of Micro Essential Laboratory, Inc.
Triton is a trademark of The Dow Chemical Company or an affiliated company of Dow

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

483.8 °F

Flash Point(C)

251 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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GC Stationary Phase

Growth and hydration of Triton X-100 micelles in monovalent alkali salts: a light scattering study
Molina-Bolivar JA, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 106(4), 870-877 (2002)
Knockdown of miR-210 decreases hypoxic glioma stem cells stemness and radioresistance
Yang W, et al.
Experimental Cell Research, 326(1), 22-35 (2003)
José Francisco Lima-Barbero et al.
Experimental & applied acarology, 78(4), 555-564 (2019-08-02)
Blood-feeding ectoparasites constitute a growing burden for human and animal health, and animal production worldwide. In particular, mites (Acari: Gamasida) of the genera Dermanyssus (Dermanyssidae) and Ornithonyssus (Macronyssidae) infest birds and cause gamasoidosis in humans. The tropical fowl mite, Ornithonyssus
Masoumeh Zangeneh et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 103, 109739-109739 (2019-07-28)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the radiation dose enhancement effects of gadolinium-doped zinc oxide nanoparticles (Gd-doped ZnO NPs) under the megavoltage (MV) X-ray irradiation. ZnO NPs have preferred photocatalytic properties under UV light for cancer killing. UV
alpha -Synuclein Is Degraded by Both Autophagy and the Proteasome
Webb LJ, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(27), 25009-25013 (2003)

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