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Identification of potential pancreatic cancer serum markers: Increased sialyl-Lewis X on ceruloplasmin.

Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry (2015-01-18)
Meritxell Balmaña, Ariadna Sarrats, Esther Llop, Sílvia Barrabés, Radka Saldova, María José Ferri, Joan Figueras, Esther Fort, Rafael de Llorens, Pauline M Rudd, Rosa Peracaula
ABSTRACT

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) usually shows an enhanced expression of sialyl-Lewis X (sLe(x)) and related epitopes. PDAC may secrete some of the proteins carrying such increased sLe(x) determinant into serum, so they could be used as PDAC markers. Previously, we identified acute-phase proteins with increased sLe(x) in both PDAC and in chronic pancreatitis patients. In this study, depleted sera from the main acute-phase proteins has been analysed for the search of proteins with increased sLe(x) levels in PDAC. Sera from healthy controls, chronic pancreatitis and PDAC patients were depleted, electrophoresed and subjected to sLe(x) immunodetection. Proteins that differentially expressed sLe(x) in PDAC were trypsin digested and identified by LC-ESI-QTOF mass spectrometry. Five protein bands that differentially expressed sLe(x) in PDAC were identified and corresponded to seven different acute-phase proteins. Among them, ceruloplasmin (CP) was selected for further analysis. N-glycan sequencing of CP confirmed the increase of sLe(x) levels in CP in PDAC patients. Healthy controls, chronic pancreatitis and PDAC patients' sera were immunoprecipitated with anti-CP antibodies, and their sLe(x) and CP levels were analysed by western blot. The sLe(x)/CP ratio tended to be higher for the PDAC group, which altogether suggests that the sLe(x)/CP ratio could be a useful biomarker for PDAC.

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