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Identification and characterization of novel inhibitors of Mammalian aspartyl aminopeptidase.

Molecular pharmacology (2014-06-11)
Yuanyuan Chen, Hong Tang, William Seibel, Ruben Papoian, Ki Oh, Xiaoyu Li, Jianye Zhang, Marcin Golczak, Krzysztof Palczewski, Philip D Kiser
ABSTRACT

Aspartyl aminopeptidase (DNPEP) has been implicated in the control of angiotensin signaling and endosome trafficking, but its precise biologic roles remain incompletely defined. We performed a high-throughput screen of ∼25,000 small molecules to identify inhibitors of DNPEP for use as tools to study its biologic functions. Twenty-three confirmed hits inhibited DNPEP-catalyzed hydrolysis of angiotensin II with micromolar potency. A counter screen against glutamyl aminopeptidase (ENPEP), an enzyme with substrate specificity similar to that of DNPEP, identified eight DNPEP-selective inhibitors. Structure-activity relationships and modeling studies revealed structural features common to the identified inhibitors, including a metal-chelating group and a charged or polar moiety that could interact with portions of the enzyme active site. The compounds identified in this study should be valuable tools for elucidating DNPEP physiology.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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