Nanoparticles based on a hydrophilic polyester with a sheddable PEG coating for protein delivery.

Pharmaceutical research (2014-03-15)
Neda Samadi, Mies J van Steenbergen, Joep B van den Dikkenberg, Tina Vermonden, Cornelus F van Nostrum, Maryam Amidi, Wim E Hennink
RESUMEN

To investigate the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in nanoparticles based on blends of hydroxylated aliphatic polyester, poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic-co-hydroxymethyl glycolic acid) (PLGHMGA) and PEG-PLGHMGA block copolymers on their degradation and release behavior. Protein-loaded nanoparticles were prepared with blends of varying ratios of PEG-PLGHMGA (molecular weight of PEG 2,000 and 5,000 Da) and PLGHMGA, by a double emulsion method with or without using poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as surfactant. Bovine serum albumin and lysozyme were used as model proteins. PEGylated particles prepared without PVA had a zeta potential ranging from ~ -3 to ~-35 mV and size ranging from ~200 to ~600 nm that were significantly dependent on the content and type of PEG-block copolymer. The encapsulation efficiency of the two proteins however was very low (<30%) and the particles rapidly released their content in a few days. In contrast, all formulations prepared with PVA showed almost similar particle properties (size: ~250 nm, zeta potential: ~-1 mV), while loading efficiency for both model proteins was rather high (80-90%). Unexpectedly, independent of the type of formulation, the nanoparticles had nearly the same release and degradation characteristics. NMR analysis showed almost a complete removal of PEG in 5 days which explains these marginal differences. Protein release and particle degradation are not substantially influenced by the content of PEG, likely because of the fast shedding of the PEG blocks. These PEG shedding particles are interesting system for intracellular delivery of drugs.

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