A ligand field series for the 4f-block from experimental and DFT computed Ce(IV/III) electrochemical potentials.

Inorganic chemistry (2015-02-25)
Justin A Bogart, Andrew J Lewis, Michael A Boreen, Heui Beom Lee, Scott A Medling, Patrick J Carroll, Corwin H Booth, Eric J Schelter
ABSTRAKT

Understanding of the sensitivity of the reduction potential of cerium(IV) cations to ligand field strength has yet to benefit from systematic variation of the ligand environment. Detailed analyses for a series of seven cerium(IV) tetrakis(pyridyl-nitroxide) compounds and their cerium(III) analogues in varying ligand field strengths are presented. Electrochemical, spectroscopic, and computational results reveal a close correlation of electronic properties with ligand substituents. Together with electrochemical data for reported eight-coordinate compounds, DFT calculations reveal a broad range of the cerium(IV/III) redox potentials correlated to ligand field strengths, establishing a semiempirical, predictive model for the modulation of cerium redox thermodynamics and ligand field strengths. Applications over a variety of scientific disciplines make use of the fundamental redox thermodynamics of cerium. Such applications will benefit from a combined experimental and theoretical approach for assessing redox cycling of cerium compounds.

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