Environmental science & technology

Cobalt-mediated activation of peroxymonosulfate and sulfate radical attack on phenolic compounds. implications of chloride ions.

PMID 16509349


The sulfate radical pathway of the room-temperature degradation of two phenolic compounds in water is reported in this study. The sulfate radicals were produced by the cobalt-mediated decomposition of peroxymonosulfate (Oxone) in an aqueous homogeneous system. The major intermediates formed from the transformation of 2,4-dichlorophenol were 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-1,4-benzenediol, 1,1,3,3-tetrachloroacetone, pentachloroacetone, and carbon tetrachloride. Those resulting from the transformation of phenol in the presence of chloride ion were 2-chlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, 1,1,3,3-tetrachloroacetone, and pentachloroacetone. In the absence of chloride ion, phenol transformed into 2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione (quinone), 1,2-benzenediol (catechol), and 1,4-benzenediol (hydroquinone). Several parameters were varied, and their impact on the transformation of the organic compounds is also discussed. The parameters varied were the initial concentration of the organic substrate, the dose of Oxone used, the cobalt counteranion, and in particular the impact of chloride ions and the quenching agent utilized for terminating the reaction. This is one of the very few studies dealing with intermediates formed via sulfate radical attack on phenolic compounds. It is also the first studythat explores the sulfate radical mechanism of oxidation, when sulfate radicals are generated via the Co/Oxone reagent. Furthermore, it provides strong evidence on the interaction of chloride ions with sulfate radicals leading to halogenation of organics in water.

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OXONE®, monopersulfate compound
HKO5S · 0.5HKO4S · 0.5K2O4S