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Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology

Purification and properties of phenolic acid decarboxylase from Candida guilliermondii.


PMID 21681484

Abstract

A heat-labile phenolic acid decarboxylase from Candida guilliermondii (an anamorph of Pichia guilliermondii) was purified to homogeneity by simple successive column chromatography within 3 days. The molecular mass was 20 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 36 kDa by gel-filtration chromatography, suggesting that the purified enzyme is a homodimer. The optimal pH and temperature were approximately 6.0 and 25°C. Characteristically, more than 50% of the optimal activity was observed at 0°C, suggesting that this enzyme is cold-adapted. The enzyme converted p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid to corresponding products with high specific activities of approximately 600, 530, and 46 U/mg, respectively. The activity was stimulated by Mg(2+) ions, whereas it was completely inhibited by Fe(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), Hg(2+), 4-chloromericuribenzoate, N-bromosuccinimide, and diethyl pyrocarbonate. The enzyme was inducible and expressed inside the cells moderately by ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid and significantly by non-metabolizable 6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid.

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