Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association

Tenidap inhibits replication of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 in cultured cells.

PMID 8989205


Interleukin-6 (IL-6) may be important in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 because of its ability to induce HIV-1 expression in infected cells in vitro. Tenidap, a structurally and functionally novel antirheumatic drug affecting diverse biologic processes, has been shown to reduce IL-6 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Tenidap also inhibits the activity of chloride-bicarbonate exchangers and causes acidification of the cytoplasmic compartment that is similar to the effect of the anion transport inhibitor UK5099. Furthermore, tenidap inhibits the cyclooxygenase-mediated pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism as do the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Here we show that tenidap decreased HIV-1 replication as measured by p24 core antigen in the acutely infected CD4+ T-lymphocyte lines H9 and Jurkat, in the acutely infected monocyte line U937, and in its chronically infected subclone U1.8/HIV. These effects were seen at concentrations in the range of 3 to 15 microM, well below those toxic to cells. The antiviral effects of tenidap may be independent of its ability to reduce IL-6 production based on the observations that these effects were as prominent in IL-6 nonresponsive lines as in IL-6 responsive lines and that the inhibition of p24 production was not reversed by exogenous IL-6.

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UK-5099, ≥98% (HPLC)