AC conductivity of a niobium thin film in a swept magnetic field.

Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal (2013-01-31)
M I Tsindlekht, V M Genkin, S Gazi, S Chromik
RESUMO

We report results of measurements of the ac conductivity of a Nb superconducting thin film in a swept dc magnetic field. In the mixed state the swept dc field creates vortices at the film surface which pass through the film and form the observed ac conductivity. Vortex rate generation does not depend on the value of the dc field and there is a large plateau-like region of dc magnetic fields where the dissipation is approximately constant. A proposed phenomenological model describes quite well the main features of the ac response in these fields, including its dependency on the sweep rate, ac amplitude, frequency, and value of the second and third harmonics.

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