In the present study, we have attempted to elucidate the active components for rheumatoidal arthritis using chloroform (CHCl(3)), ethylacetate (EtOAc) and n-butanol (BuOH) fractions of the methanol extract (MeOH) of Kalopanax pictus. Kalopanaxsaponin-A and -I (KPS-A and -I, hederagenin monodesmoside) were isolated from EtOAc fraction and kalopanaxsaponin-B, -H and -K (KPS-B, -H and -K, hederagenin bisdesmosides) obtained from BuOH fraction, respectively. MeOH extract, EtOAc fraction (250, 500 mg/kg, p.o.) and KPS-A and -I (5, 10, 20 mg/kg, i.p.) exhibited significant antinociceptive effects, which were determined by acetic acid-induced writhing test and hot plate test. On Freund's complete adjuvant reagent-induced rheumatoidal arthritis in rats, the administration of EtOAc fraction and KPS-A and -I inhibited edema, agglutination, vascular permeability and trypsin inhibitor. In addition, LD(50) of the MeOH extract was shown to be 4.033 mg/kg. These results suggest that anti-rheumatoidal effects of KPS-A and -I contribute to the inhibition of kinin formation by suppression of trypsin inhibitor activity.