• Home
  • Search Results
  • The Citrus Transcription Factor CsMADS6 Modulates Carotenoid Metabolism by Directly Regulating Carotenogenic Genes.

The Citrus Transcription Factor CsMADS6 Modulates Carotenoid Metabolism by Directly Regulating Carotenogenic Genes.

Plant physiology (2018-02-22)
Suwen Lu, Yin Zhang, Kaijie Zhu, Wei Yang, Junli Ye, Lijun Chai, Qiang Xu, Xiuxin Deng
ABSTRACT

Although remarkable progress has been made toward understanding carotenoid biosynthesis, the mechanisms that regulate the transcription of carotenogenic genes remain poorly understood. Lycopene β-cyclases (LCYb) are critical enzymes located at the branch point of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway. Here, we used the promoter sequence of LCYb1 as bait in a yeast one-hybrid screen for promoter-binding proteins from sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). This screen identified a MADS transcription factor, CsMADS6, that was coordinately expressed with fruit development and coloration. Acting as a nucleus-localized transcriptional activator, CsMADS6 directly bound the promoter of LCYb1 and activated its expression. Overexpression of CsMADS6 in citrus calli increased carotenoid contents and induced the expression of LCYb1 and other carotenogenic genes, including phytoene synthase (PSY), phytoene desaturase (PDS), and carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase1 (CCD1). CsMADS6 up-regulated the expression of PSY, PDS, and CCD1 by directly binding to their promoters, which suggested the multitargeted regulation of carotenoid metabolism by CsMADS6. In addition, the ectopic expression of CsMADS6 in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) affected carotenoid contents and the expression of carotenogenic genes. The sepals of CsMADS6-overexpressing tomato lines exhibited dramatic changes in carotenoid profiles, accompanied by changes in plastid ultrastructure. Global transcriptome analysis of transgenic sepals revealed that CsMADS6 regulates a series of pathways that promote increases in flux through the carotenoid pathway. Overall, these findings establish that CsMADS6 directly regulates LCYb1 and other carotenogenic genes to coordinately and positively modulate carotenoid metabolism in plants, which may provide strategies to improve the nutritional quality of crops.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Pseudoionone, technical, mixture of isomers, ≥90% (GC)

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.