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TCTP promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition in lung adenocarcinoma.

OncoTargets and therapy (2019-03-19)
Ruilin Sun, Xi Lu, Li Gong, Faguang Jin
ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common and lethal malignancy worldwide. TCTP is highly expressed in various cancers including lung cancer. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) could increase cancer cell invasion. Whether TCTP's expression is associated with EMT in lung adenocarcinoma is largely unknown. Several Gene Expression Omnibus datasets were used to analyze the correlation between TCTP expression and overall survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Then, 24 surgically removed fresh lung adenocarcinoma tissue samples and paired paracancer tissue samples were used to analyze the correlation between TCTP expression and tumor stage by immunohistochemical analysis. Furthermore, stable cell lines were generated using lentiviral transduction systems to knock down or overexpress TCTP in A549 cells. Cell migration and invasion were measured by scratch and transwell assays, and EMT marker proteins such as α-SMA, ZEB1, and E-cadherin were quantitated by Western blot. The expression levels of miR-200a, miR-141, and miR-429 were determined by real-time quantitative PCR, and their target genes were predicted by an online database miRTarBase. The interaction between TCTP and these genes was analyzed by String database and visualized by Cytoscape. TCTP was highly expressed in tumor tissues compared to paracancer tissues. The expression of TCTP was associated with shorter overall survival. TCTP knockdown experiment in A549 cells suggested that TCTP knockdown could decrease the migration and invasion of lung cancer cells, and the expression level of ZEB1 and α-SMA, but increase the expression of E-cadherin and p53. Vice versa, overexpression of TCTP could increase the migration and invasion of cancer cells, and the expression level of ZEB1 and α-SMA, but decrease the expression of E-cadherin and p53. Furthermore, we found the expression of miR-200a, miR-141, and miR-429 was associated with TCTP expression. TCTP promotes EMT in lung adenocarcinoma, and this effect may be associated with miR-200 family members like miR-200a, miR-141, and miR-429.