• Home
  • Search Results
  • Apolipoprotein E Affects In Vitro Axonal Growth and Regeneration via the MAPK Signaling Pathway.

Apolipoprotein E Affects In Vitro Axonal Growth and Regeneration via the MAPK Signaling Pathway.

Cell transplantation (2018-10-24)
Cheng Yin, Zong-Duo Guo, Zong-Ze He, Zhen-Yu Wang, Xiao-Chuan Sun
ABSTRACT

Following central nervous system injury in mammals, failed axonal regeneration is closely related to dysneuria. Previous studies have shown that the obvious effects of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) on traumatic brain injury (TBI) were associated with an axonal mechanism. However, little information on the actions of ApoE and its isoforms on axonal regeneration following TBI was provided. In our study, the cerebral cortices of ApoE-deficient (ApoE-/-) and wild-type (ApoE +/+ ) mice were cultured in vitro, and an axonal transection model was established. Interventions included the conditioned medium of astrocytes, human recombinant ApoE2/3/4 isoforms and inhibitors of the JNK/ERK/p38 pathway. Axonal growth and regeneration were evaluated by measuring the maximum distance and area of the axons. The expression levels of β-tubulin III, MAP2, ApoE, p-JNK, p-ERK and p-p38 were detected by immunofluorescence and western blotting. The results showed that ApoE mRNA and protein were expressed in intact axons and regenerated axons. Axonal growth and regeneration were attenuated in ApoE-/- mice but recovered by exogenous ApoE. Human recombinant ApoE3 positively influenced axonal growth and regeneration; these effects were mediated by the JNK/ERK/p38 pathway. These results suggest ApoE and its isoforms may have influenced axonal growth and regeneration via the MAPK signaling pathway in vitro.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
SP600125, ≥98% (HPLC)

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.