• Home
  • Search Results
  • Ethanolamine and Phosphatidylethanolamine: Partners in Health and Disease.

Ethanolamine and Phosphatidylethanolamine: Partners in Health and Disease.

Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity (2017-08-09)
Dhaval Patel, Stephan N Witt
ABSTRACT

Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) is the second most abundant phospholipid in mammalian cells. PE comprises about 15-25% of the total lipid in mammalian cells; it is enriched in the inner leaflet of membranes, and it is especially abundant in the inner mitochondrial membrane. PE has quite remarkable activities: it is a lipid chaperone that assists in the folding of certain membrane proteins, it is required for the activity of several of the respiratory complexes, and it plays a key role in the initiation of autophagy. In this review, we focus on PE's roles in lipid-induced stress in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Parkinson's disease (PD), ferroptosis, and cancer.