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  • SREBP1 as a potential biomarker predicts levothyroxine efficacy of differentiated thyroid cancer.

SREBP1 as a potential biomarker predicts levothyroxine efficacy of differentiated thyroid cancer.

Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie (2019-12-31)
Cuilin Li, Xiaowei Peng, Jing Lv, Hecun Zou, Jianqiu Liu, Ke Zhang, Zhi Li
ABSTRACT

SREBP1 is a well-known transcript factor regulating lipogenesis. It has been reported to play an important role in tumor progress in recent years. However, the roles of SREBP1 in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) are uncertain. Based on this, we aimed to investigate the expression of SREBP1 and the influence of SREBP1 on DTC patients. qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of SREBPs in DTC tissues and the adjacent normal tissues. The following methods, including the MTS, colony-forming assay, flow cytometry and Hoechst staining were used to detect the biological function of thyroid cancer cells based on SREBP1 interference or not. the expression of SREBP1 was significantly different among DTCs, thyroid nodules and the adjacent normal tissues. Briefly, SREBP1 was upregulated follow with the malignancy, but there was no significant difference of SREBP2 between thyroid nodules and the adjacent normal tissues. Further, the ROC curve showed that SREBP1 has higher diagnostic value than SREBP2. SREBP1 expression was significantly related to the tumor size and lymph node metastasis in DTCs. In vitro, the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells was suppressed obviously after interfered with SREBP1, and the apoptotic cells was increased. Further, SREBP1 expression was also associated with the short-term efficacy of levothyroxine in DTC patients. this is the first time to report that SREBP1 is an oncogene and a pro-proliferation factor in thyroid cancer, indicating that SREBP1 may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in thyroid cancer.