• P2-Na(x)VO2 system as electrodes for batteries and electron-correlated materials.

P2-Na(x)VO2 system as electrodes for batteries and electron-correlated materials.

Nature materials (2012-11-13)
Marie Guignard, Christophe Didier, Jacques Darriet, Pierre Bordet, Erik Elkaïm, Claude Delmas

Layered oxides are the subject of intense studies either for their properties as electrode materials for high-energy batteries or for their original physical properties due to the strong electronic correlations resulting from their unique structure. Here we present the detailed phase diagram of the layered P2-Na(x)VO(2) system determined from electrochemical intercalation/deintercalation in sodium batteries and in situ X-ray diffraction experiments. It shows that four main single-phase domains exist within the 0.5≤x≤0.9 range. During the sodium deintercalation (intercalation), they differ from one another in the sodium/vacancy ordering between the VO(2) slabs, which leads to commensurable or incommensurable superstructures. The electrochemical curve reveals that three peculiar compositions exhibit special structures for x  =  1/2, 5/8 and 2/3. The detailed structural characterization of the P2-Na(1/2)VO(2) phase shows that the Na(+) ions are perfectly ordered to minimize Na(+)/Na(+) electrostatic repulsions. Within the VO(2) layers, the vanadium ions form pseudo-trimers with very short V-V distances (two at 2.581 Å and one at 2.687 Å). This original distribution leads to a peculiar magnetic behaviour with a low magnetic susceptibility and an unexpected low Curie constant. This phase also presents a first-order structural transition above room temperature accompanied by magnetic and electronic transitions. This work opens up a new research domain in the field of strongly electron-correlated materials. From the electrochemical point of view this system may be at the origin of an entire material family optimized by cationic substitutions.

Product Number
Product Description

Sodium perchlorate, anhydrous, ≥99.9% trace metals basis