MilliporeSigma

FMR protein: Evidence of an emerging role in retinal aging?

Experimental eye research (2022-10-21)
M Ardourel, I Ranchon-Cole, A Pâris, C Felgerolle, N Acar, F Lesne, S Briault, O Perche
ABSTRACT

Aging is a multifactorial process that affects the entire organism by cumulative alterations. Visual function impairments that go along with aging are commonly observed, causing lower visual acuity, lower contrast sensitivity, and impaired dark adaptation. Electroretinogram analysis revealed that the amplitudes of rod- and cone-mediated responses are reduced in aged mice and humans. Reports suggested that age-related changes observed in both rod and cone photoreceptor functionality were linked to oxidative stress regulation or free radical production homeostasis. Interestingly, several recent reports linked the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) cellular activity with oxidative stress regulation in several tissue including brain tissue where FMRP participates to the response to stress via protein translation in neurite or is involved in free radical production and abnormal glutathione homeostasis. Based on these recent literatures, we raised the question about the effect of FMRP absence in the aging retina of Fmr1-/y compared to their WT littermates. Indeed, up to now, only young or adult mice (<6 months) were investigated and have shown a specific retinal phenotype. Herein, we demonstrated that Fmr1-/y mice do not present the aging effect on retinal function observed in WT littermates since ERG a- and b-waves amplitudes as well as oscillatory potentials amplitudes were not collapsed with age (12/18 months old). Absence of FMRP and its consequences seem to protect the retina against aging effect, rising a pivotal role of FMRP in retinal aging process.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Superoxide Dismutase, SOD, Activity Assay Kit, sufficient for 500 colorimetric tests