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Biomolecule delivery into canola protoplasts by centrifuging cells with microbubbles.

FEBS letters (2012-12-25)
Chuan He, Quanrong Gu, Min Huang, James Xing, Jie Chen
ABSTRACT

We have successfully delivered FITC and FITC-Dextran (70, 250 kDa) into canola protoplasts by centrifuging cells with different amounts of microbubbles at variable centrifuge speed. The efficiency is around 90%, while cell viability remains high. Confocal microscopy images show that both FITC and FITC-Dextran are scattered inside the cytoplasm and the cell nucleus. Pores are observed on canola protoplast cell membranes and cell walls when centrifuged with microbubbles, while the membrane of cells centrifuged alone remain intact and smooth. We hypothesize that the collision between the microbubbles and cells or the bursting of microbubbles are the main reasons for the formation of these pores. Biomaterials can diffuse into the cells once the pathway is created.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Fluorescein isothiocyanate–dextran, average mol wt 70,000, (FITC:Glucose = 1:250)