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  • 5-HT4 receptors contribute to the motor stimulating effect of levosulpiride in the guinea-pig gastrointestinal tract.

5-HT4 receptors contribute to the motor stimulating effect of levosulpiride in the guinea-pig gastrointestinal tract.

Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (2003-06-13)
M Tonini, R De Giorgio, V Spelta, G Bassotti, A Di Nucci, L Anselmi, B Balestra, F De Ponti
ABSTRACT

The dopamine D2 receptor antagonist levosulpiride is a substituted benzamide derivative, whose gastrokinetic properties are exploited clinically for the management of functional dyspepsia. However, for other benzamide derivatives, such as cisapride and mosapride, agonism towards serotonin 5-HT4 receptors is considered the main mechanism leading to gastrointestinal prokinesia. To assess whether levosulpiride is able to activate 5-HT4 receptors in the guinea-pig isolated gastrointestinal tract. Circular muscle strips from gastric antrum, and colonic longitudinal muscle strips were used to detect electrically stimulated neurogenic contractions. The effect of levosulpiride was assessed in the absence and presence of GR125487, a selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist. Furthermore, potential interaction of levosulpiride with 5-HT3 receptors and tissue cholinesterases was assessed in unstimulated ileal longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus preparations. Antral and colonic strip contractions were cholinergic/tachykinergic in nature. Micromolar concentrations of levosulpiride potentiated submaximal responses, through a mechanism competitively antagonized by GR125487 (pKB=9.4). In LMMPs, levosulpiride slightly affected contractions caused by the 5-HT, receptor agonist 2-methyl-5-HT, and had no effect on contractions to exogenous acetylcholine. Our results indicate that levosulpiride acts as a moderate agonist at the 5-HT4 receptor. This property, together with antagonism at D2 receptors, may contribute to its gastrointestinal prokinetic effect.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
(S)-(−)-Sulpiride, ≥98% (titration)
Supelco
(S)-(−)-Sulpiride, VETRANAL®, analytical standard